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Habitat networks for wildlife and people - the creation of sustainable forest habitats

Forestry Commission, Anon. Snh
This publication discusses the enrichment of the natural heritage interest of Scotland's woods and forests through the creation of woodland networks - linking woodlands old and new to form a more continuous woodland cover.

The punblication proposes ways in which our woods and forests can be linked more intimately within the landscape; suggests that woodland should be viewed as an integral part of the wider scene rather than as individual stands of trees; emphasises the importance of placing woods and forests within the context of the many other forms of land use; and above all offers a new, holistic approach to appreciating and enhancing the value of all our woodlands.

A4 | 44 pages | colour
Stock code:FCMS107
Research Note
John Calladine, Alice Broome, Robert J. Fuller
Stand structure is an important determinant of habitat quality for forest biodiversity and is influenced by management. In conifer plantations, the varied structure created within a stand by continuous cover forestry (CCF) systems has been expected to be better for woodland birds than the range of discrete stand structures created through rotations of clearfelling and replanting (CFR). This study compared the number of breeding bird species (species richness) and their abundance within Sitka spruce stands which have been managed under CCF and by CFR. The study showed that species richness within CCF stands was higher than in CFR but young growth stages of CFR were important for some birds. Bird species richness is further influenced by the presence of a woody understorey or scrub vegetation structure. When stand types were ranked by species richness alone, CCF with a shrubby understorey was the most species rich, followed by CCF without a shrubby understorey, with young CFR and then older CFR being the least species rich. Modelling scenarios were used to test the effect of changing proportions of CCF and CFR in the landscape on the abundance of selected species. Designing a landscape which includes both CFR and CCF could prove to be a strategy for achieving optimal bird richness and abundance, as conditions for scrub-dependent species and the high structural diversity important for bird species associated with older stands are maintained.
A4 | 6 pages | colour | online only
Stock code:FCRN025
Practice Note
W L Mason
Dense natural regeneration of Sitka spruce and other conifers is an increasingly common feature of both recently clearfelled sites and stands managed under continuous cover forestry in upland forests of the British Isles. This regeneration can be managed by combining natural self-thinning in the early stages of stand
establishment with management intervention to cut access racks and carry out selective respacing to favour the best quality trees. The target density should be about 2000–2500 stems per hectare in young regeneration or on windfirm sites where thinning will take place. On less stable sites that are unlikely to be thinned, a single intervention to a target density of 1750–2000 stems per hectare should improve mean tree diameter without compromising timber quality. Managing natural regeneration in continuous cover forestry or mixed stands can be based upon similar principles but the growth of the regenerated trees will be more variable.
A4 leaflet | 6 pages | colour | online only
Stock code:FCPN016
Cyril Hart
This Bulletin is written for landowners and foresters who wish to convert all or part of a wood or forest from pure, regular, uniform, even-aged stands to mixed, irregular, uneven-aged stands - in particular for those who desire to use silvicultural systems alternative to that of extensive clear cutting, with a view to achieving diverse structure leading to biological diversity and semi-permanent or continuous forest cover. The information provided can be adopted to suit individual owners’ or foresters’ own constraints and objectives. Other aims are to draw attention to what has been achieved in Britain, and the opportunities for further attempts, and to highlight the need for further research, trials and demonstration areas.
190 x 250mm | 120 pages | colour photographs
Stock code:FCBU115

Managing Native Broadleaved Woodland

Management handbook
Ralph Harmer, Gary Kerr, Richard Thompson

Native woodlands occupy an important place in both our countryside and cultural heritage. They are managed to provide timber and other wood products but nowadays are often equally valued as habitats for wildlife and areas for recreation. The aim of this handbook is to provide advice that will help owners and managers understand and manage native broadleaved woodlands. A wide variety of subjects are covered, from identifying woodland communities and management planning, to silvicultural techniques, nature conservation and vegetation management – including the use of grazing animals. The background and principles of each topic are explained and case studies are used throughout. Interactions between site characteristics and historic management are also considered in relation to future management options. The handbook also highlights the questions that managers should ask, when considering management options for their woodlands, that take account of location, site characteristics and objectives.

Please note this publication is only available to buy from TSO
T: +44 (0)870 600 5522

B5 book | 510 pages | colour
Stock code:FCBK003
Information Note
Sophie Hale
Stock code:FCIN063
Information Note
This note updates the previous edition published in 1999.
A4 leaflet | 2 colour
Stock code:FCIN040
Information Note
The blank monitoring form included in this publication may be downloaded as a single page here:(PDF)
A4 leaflet | 2 colour
Stock code:FCIN045
Information Note
A4 leaflet | colour
Stock code:FCIN029
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Please direct orders to:
Forestry Commission Publications (CST)
Chetham House
Bird Hall Lane
Cheadle Heath
Cheshire, SK3 0ZP

T: 0161 495 4845
F: 0161 495 4840