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Practice Guide
Forestry Commission (Scotland)
2015
This guide will help forest managers and agents in Scotland decide the best future management option for afforested deep peat sites (defined here as soils with a peat layer of 50 cm or more). It explains the principles and assessment methods of the 'Forestry on peatland habitats' supplementary guidance that Forestry Commission Scotland published in 2014 to support the FC Guideline Note 'Forests and Peatland Habitats' (2000).
A4 | 25 pages | colour | online only
978-0-85538-927-7
Free
Stock code:FCPG104
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2015
The proportion of open space in many forests and woodlands is increasing as forest management plans are implemented and forests are restructured. Landowners and forest managers are increasingly being encouraged to manage this ground for biodiversity objectives but in some situations the management of open ground may be more complex and challenging than the management of the forests themselves. This Practice Guide provides information and guidance to forest managers on managing open ground in upland forests. The guidance covers planning open habitats in new forests, creating open habitats in existing forests and maintaining open habitat networks. The Guide sets out both general principles and guidance for specific habitats together with advice on monitoring.
A4 | colour | 44 pages
978-0-85538-913-0
10.00
Stock code:FCPG024
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2014
Atmospheric pollution in the form of acid deposition has been dramatically reduced since international controls on emissions were introduced in the 1980s. However, acidification still affects acid-sensitive regions of the UK, damaging fisheries and causing adverse ecological changes in freshwaters. Forestry is known to influence the degree of acidification, principally due to the ability of forest canopies to capture more acid sulphur and nitrogen pollutants from the atmosphere than other types of vegetation. As a result, there is a need to manage forestry within vulnerable areas to ensure that it does not lead to increased acidification or delay the recovery of waters to Good Ecological Status. This Practice Guide describes the measures that can be taken to minimise adverse impacts and provides a methodology for determining whether new planting, restocking or felling proposals could pose a risk to freshwaters. It includes maps showing the locations of vulnerable areas and decision trees to guide those involved with woodland creation or the felling and restocking of existing forests in affected areas through the steps of catchment-based critical load and site impact assessments.

Digital maps showing catchments vulnerable to acidification are also available online.

A4 | colour | 32 pages
978-0-85538-911-6
6.00
Stock code:FCPG023
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2014
Forest management plans are the key reference documents for monitoring and assessing forests and forestry practice in Britain. They define and communicate forest and woodland management proposals, set out how sustainable forest management is to be achieved and describe the consequences of management activities over time. Forest management planning involves assembling and integrating a wide range of information about a site and its potential, and a number of established design techniques are available to assist with this process. This Practice Guide provides step-by-step guidance to the techniques that can be used at each of the seven planning stages. The guidance applies to both the creation of new forests and woodlands and the management of existing forests and woodlands. It is aimed at forest and woodland owners and managers, forestry practitioners and all those involved in forest planning and the preparation of forest management plans. The Guide will also help those evaluating and approving plans and proposals, such as regulatory staff involved in grants and licences, and others with an interest in forestry consultation.

The Practice Guide is supported by a number of worked examples that show the development of the forest management planning process for typical landscape types found across the UK. The landscapes in these examples vary in scale and they serve to illustrate appropriate design techniques for different landscape types, as far as the development of the final sketch design.

A4 | 64 pages | colour
978-0-85538-894-2
14.00
Stock code:FCPG012
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2014
Wildfire events are predicted to increase in frequency in the UK due to increased land-use pressure and climate change. Wildfires can have a number of impacts on sustainable forest management and, in some extreme cases, may have devastating human and environmental consequences. Reducing the incidence and impact of wildfires in forests and woodlands through good management planning is important to protect the delivery of forest ecosystem goods and services. It can also help to prevent small wildfire incidents escalating into large-scale, out-of-control events. This Practice Guide supports the UK Forestry Standard by setting out good practice for building wildfire resilience into forest management planning. It describes the factors that can increase wildfire risk, sets out the planning measures that should be considered and outlines the forest management techniques that can be implemented to mitigate the risks to our forests and woodlands.

Wildfire risk assessment template for forests and woodlands

A4 | 52 pages | colour
978-0-85538-894-2
11.00
Stock code:FCPG022
Practice Guide
Ralph Harmer, Richard Thompson
2013
The restoration of plantations on ancient woodland sites (PAWS) to native woodland communities is a challenging objective that requires more management input than simply re-creating a stand of site native species. All sites differ, and optimising the choice of methods thorough site assessment is necessary before restoration starts. Where there is evidence of valuable remnants of the former ancient semi-natural woodland within the stand, management should secure their future, and promote their development and subsequent contribution to the future native woodland. This Guide provides a framework for selecting a method of stand management and advice on good practice that is appropriate for a particular site and related to the quality of the remnant features present.
A4 | 28 pages | colour
978-0-85538-885-1
6.00
Stock code:FCPG021
Practice Guide
Jonathan W Humphrey, Sallie Bailey
2012
Deadwood is a vital component of a properly functioning forest ecosystem. It plays an important role in sustaining biodiversity and in delivering ecosystem services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling. In the UK up to a fifth of woodland species depend on dead or dying trees for all or part of their life cycle and many of these species are rare or threatened. This Practice Guide has been written for the owners and managers of forests and woodlands who want to increase the value of their woodlands for biodiversity. It provides advice and practical guidance on managing deadwood to support sustainable forest management and the UK Forestry Standard Guidelines on Forests and Biodiversity.
A4 | 24 pages | colour
978-0-85538-857-7
6.00
Stock code:FCPG020
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission (Scotland)
2012
Diversity in forests is essential to conserve biodiversity and expand habitats, and to contribute towards enhancing landscape quality and recreation opportunities. In addition, introducing species and age diversity throughout a forest can increase their resilience to pests, diseases and fire, and extend economic opportunities.
This Practice Guide offers advice and ideas from which a forest manager may select options that meet their management objectives and are appropriate for their forest. The format of the guidance relates to the decisions which forest managers need to make when they are preparing fully integrated management proposals which will contribute to a Forest Plan.
A4 | 40 pages | colour
978-0-85538-859-1
5.00
Stock code:FCPG103
Practice Guide
Aileen Shackell, Robin Walter
2012
The guidance set out in this Practice Guide represents a step forward in our thinking about the benefits of the outdoors for health and well-being. It aims to inspire everyone involved with outdoor spaces in healthcare settings to think how they could be used for therapeutic purposes. Focusing on outdoor spaces across the NHS estate, the guidance is relevant to the full range of facilities, from the largest hospital to the smallest health centre. It also has a wider application wherever health and well-being is important, for example in places such as care homes and special schools. The Guide has been designed to be accessible to a non-technical audience, and will be of interest to those engaged with policy, and everyone interested in improving patient care – whether they deal directly with patients, or focus on grounds management. It will act as a good introduction for those new to the field, but many professionals already working in ‘therapeutic landscapes’ will also find it of interest.
A4 | 76 pages | colour
978-0-85538-853-9
13.50
Stock code:FCPG019
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission (Scotland)
2011
Since Medieval times, designed landscapes have evolved and at times changed dramatically in style and character. Throughout all periods and recognised styles however, trees have been an essential feature. In the 20th century social and economic changes proved challenging times for land management, with a combination of estate fragmentation, decline and changed land-use policies, specifically regarding new objectives for forest expansion and management. Now designed landscapes are appreciated for their contribution to local landscape character and the distinctiveness of many of Scotland’s landscapes.
Today the challenge is to protect, restore and rejuvenate the remaining legacy, whilst ensuring arboricultural and silvicultural practices can deal with the changes anticipated from climate change. This guidance is an essential contributor in helping ensure designed landscapes can meet those challenges.
A4 | 60 pages | colour
978-0-085538-846-1
5.00
Stock code:FCPG102
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission (England)
2010
Managing ancient and native woodland in England has been produced by Forestry Commission England as an aid to forestry and woodland managers working with ancient and native woodland. It brings together current good management practice to ensure these important woodlands are sustained for the future. Our ancient and native woodlands are one of our oldest land uses and most diverse ecosystems. They have often taken centuries to develop, and for generations they have been an essential source of timber, fuel, coppice products, venison and other sustainable products. They are a vitally important component of the English landscape and every one has it’s own long and fascinating history.
A4 | 64 pages | colour | online only
978-0-085538-821-8
Free
Stock code:FCPG201
Practice Guide
Matthew Ritchie, Jonathan Wordsworth
2010
Identifying the historic environment in Scotland's forests and woodlands has been prepared by Forestry Commission Scotland and Archaeology Scotland as an aid to forestry and woodland managers when considering the historic environment in their stewardship. The principal purpose of this practice guide is to provide an accessible introduction to exploring 'archaeology in the field'.
Archaeological and historical features represent a valuable and fragile resource. Once damaged or destroyed they can never be replaced nor properly understood - and important elements of our history and inheritance are lost. They are a critical part of the wider contemporary landscape and are part of the legacy that all land managers hand on to their successors. They can enhance the sense of place and historical context of the local community - and play a significant role in ensuring a more diverse and attractive landscape. An understanding and appreciation of the historic environment is essential if we are to protect the achievements of our ancestors for the benefit of future generations.
A4 | 40 pages | colour
978-0-85538-799-0
6.50
Stock code:FCPG101
Practice Guide
Peter Gosling
2007
This Practice Guide introduces the principles and practical methods for collecting, storing and propagating from seed a wide range of woody species commonly grown in the British Isles. It is aimed partly at anyone interested in raising a relatively small number of plants, and partly at commercial growers – as a useful reference but without the legal aspects. The Guide begins with information on flowering and fruit development, and recommendations for small–scale collecting, handling and processing. It then provides detailed advice on storage, dormancy and pretreatment methods for over 100 woody species. It gives suggestions of ‘things to try’ to hasten dormancy breakage in the most time consuming and dormant species. The Guide concludes with some tips on sowing seeds and raising seedlings.
A4 | 36 pages | colour
9780855387365
5.50
Stock code:FCPG018
Practice Guide
Colin Edwards
2006
Invasive rhododendron presents a unique problem to the managers of any habitats it colonises. If left untreated, this aggressive weed can rapidly occupy the entire understorey of a range of woodland types, open spaces within woodlands and heathland habitats. This Practice Guide provides guidance on managing and controlling rhododendron in invaded habitats, including information on site survey, prioritising areas for treatment, selecting the most effective control techniques, and monitoring of treated areas.
A4 | 36 pages
0-85538-704-1
6.50
Stock code:FCPG017
Practice Guide
I Willoughby
2004
This Practice Guide contains detailed recommendations for the establishment of new broadleaved woodlands by direct seeding, a silvicultural system whereby tree seed is sown by hand or machine into a prepared seedbed at a site intended for woodland creation.
0855386428
6.00
Stock code:FCPG016
Practice Guide
I Willoughby
2004
UK Government and European policy is to minimise pesticide use as far as possible. Covering pest, disease, vegetation and wildlife management, and based upon the latest research, Reducing Pesticide Use in Forestry can help forestry practitioners to assess the impact of any problem and select a non-chemical solution. Two simple flowcharts summarise the decision process and link to comprehensive reference material in the rest of the guide. If pesticide use is unavoidable, the guide should help managers to keep chemical use to the minimum level necessary consistent with good practice while at the same time reducing the risk of damage to the environment.
Spare copies of Decision Recording Sheet and the Optional Decision Aid [to assist in balancing the possible non-target effects of pesticides] are available to download here as pdf files:
Decision recording sheet
Optional decision aid
A4 | 140 pages | full colour
0855386177
16.00
Stock code:FCPG015
Practice Guide
Richard N Thompson
2003
The purpose of this Practice Guide is to give best practice advice to owners and managers on the restoration of native woodland on ancient woodland sites which have been planted with non-native species. The emphasis of the Guide is on the potential contribution of restoration to biodiversity and the practical considerations for successful development of native woodland.
A pull-out Site Assessment Guide (PDF) is included which has been designed to assist users in rating the restoration potential of any site and rank the relative priority of a number of sites.
A4 | 52 pages | full colour
0855385790
9.00
Stock code:FCPG014
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385871
3.00
Stock code:FCPG008
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 32 pages | 2-colour
0855385863
3.00
Stock code:FCPG007
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385855
3.00
Stock code:FCPG006
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385847
3.00
Stock code:FCPG005
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385839
3.00
Stock code:FCPG004
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385820
3.00
Stock code:FCPG003
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385812
3.00
Stock code:FCPG002
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
2003
This Guide was first published in 1994. This edition is a reprint with a revised format and further reading section, otherwise the text has not been altered.
A4 | 28 pages | 2-colour
0855385804
3.00
Stock code:FCPG001
Practice Guide
David Lonsdale
2000
This Practice Guide indicates the responsibilities of owners and managers for assessing the risk of hazards from trees, and considers what inspection procedures might be appropriate. Preventative care of young trees and methods of protecting trees from wildlife damage are described. Details of tree hazards, signs of their occurrence, and options for remedial work are presented.
A4 | 28 pages | 2 colour
0855385146
7.00
Stock code:FCPG013
Practice Guide
Andy J Moffat
1997
This guide provides operational guidance to managers on the potential impacts of whole-tree harvesting upon the forest ecosystem. It also considers the likely risks on different sites and makes recommendations for managers faced with different harvesting options.
A4 | 12 pages | full colour
0855383607
5.00
Stock code:FCPG011
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
1996
A5 | 36 pages | 2 colour | online only
0855382716
Free
Stock code:FCPG010
Practice Guide
Forestry Commission
1995
A5 | 36 pages | 2 colour
0855383313
Free
Stock code:FCPG009