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Forestry Statistics 2017 - International Forestry

Apparent consumption of wood products

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Apparent consumption (defined as production + imports - exports) of wood products around the world totalled 449 million m3 sawnwood, 395 million m3 wood-based panels and 403 million tonnes of paper and paperboard in 2015 (Table 9.6).

Almost two fifths (38%) of all sawnwood in 2015 was consumed in Asia and around one quarter each in Europe (24%) and in North & Central America (26%). Reflecting the increased production of sawnwood in recent years (see Table 9.5), apparent consumption of sawnwood increased by 21% overall between 2010 and 2015. This was driven by a 47% increase in apparent consumption in Asia; there was a 3% decrease in Europe over the same period.

Asia consumed around three fifths (61%) of the world's wood-based panels in 2015, around one fifth (19%) was consumed in Europe and 14% in North & Central America. Apparent consumption of wood-based panels worldwide increased by 38% between 2010 and 2015, largely resulting from increased demand in Asia.

Around one half (49%) of all paper and paperboard in 2015 was consumed in Asia, around one quarter (23%) in Europe and a further one fifth (21%) in North & Central America. At a global level, apparent consumption of paper and paperboard increased by 3% between 2010 and 2015.

Table 9.6 Apparent consumption of wood products by region, 1990-2015

Region

1990

1995

2000 2005

2010

2015

Sawnwood (million m3)

           

  Europe

 

 

   

 

 

     UK

13

8

10 11

9

10

     EU-281

96

80

100 103

 90

89

     Total Europe

158 109 121 121  110 107

  Africa

10 12 10 13 17 19

  Asia

112

112

77 97

 116

171

  North and Central America

119 126 143 166 95 119

  Oceania

6 7 8 8 8 8

  South America

20 24 27 30 26 25

  World

426

390

386 435

 372

449

Wood-based panels (million m3)

           

  Europe

           

     UK

5 5 6 6 6 6

     EU-281

40 41 53 60 55 59

     Total Europe

52 47 59 71  69 76

  Africa

1 2 2 3 4 5

  Asia

25 46 54 99 146 240

  North and Central America

44 47 65 73 50 56

  Oceania

2 2 3 3 3 4

  South America

3 4 6 9 14 14

  World

127 147 189 259 285 395

Paper & paperboard (million tonnes)

           

  Europe

           

     UK

9 11 12 13 11 9

     EU-281

62 68 84 87 85 81

     Total Europe

71 73 90 98  95 92

  Africa

4 4 5 6 7 8

  Asia

62 85 103 134 178 196

  North and Central America

88 101 110 107 91 86

  Oceania

3 4 5 5 5 4

  South America

8 10 12 14 16 17

  World

236 277 325 364  391 403

Source: FAO.

Notes:

1. Cyprus is included in EU-28 total but is part of FAO's Asia region.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

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