Protected forest areas
Woodland areas can be placed under different types of statutory and non-statutory protection.
Type of protection1
Not National Statistics.
Source: Protected Forest Areas in the UK (S Pryor & G Peterken, 2001).
1. SAC: Special Area of Conservation;
SPA: Special Protection Area;
NNR: National Nature Reserve;
SSSI: Site of Special Scientific Interest (ASSI in Northern Ireland).
2. For NNR, the Scottish figure is the area of NNR managed under the WGS, and probably under-estimates the total woodland in NNRs in Scotland. This has a knock-on effect on the UK total.
.. Denotes data not available.
Based on combinations of these designations and objectives, it has been estimated that in the pan-European classification of protected forest areas, 10 thousand hectares of woodland in the UK are in the highest categories 'non-intervention nature reserves' and 'wilderness areas in near-natural conditions', 135 thousand hectares have 'conservation through active management' and 646 thousand hectares have 'protection of landscapes and specific natural elements'.