Further reading continuous cover silviculture - full list

Stokes, V. (2011). The impact of forests and forest management on slope stability (PDF-92K).  Internal report to the Forestry Commission.  7 pp.

Mason, W.L., Edwards, C.E. and Hale, S.E. (2011). Continuous cover forestry in larch plantations: a case study in central Scotland. Scottish Forestry 63: In press.

Davies, O. and Kerr, G. (2011). Costs and Revenues of Transformation to Continuous Cover Forestry (PDF-568K).  Report to the Forestry Commission by Forest Research.  Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, England.

Kerr, G. and Haufe, J. (2011). Thinning Practice: A Silvicultural Guide (PDF-4878K). Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Comeau, P.G., White, M., Kerr, G. and Hale, S.E. (2010). Maximum density-size relationships for Sitka spruce and coastal Douglas-fir in Britain and Canada.  Forestry, 83:461-468.

Harmer, R., Kerr, G. and Thompson, R. (2010). Management of Native Broadleaved Woodland.  The Stationery Office, Edinburgh.

Kerr, G, Morgan, G., Blyth, J. and Stokes, V. (2010). Transformation from even-aged plantations to an irregular forest: the world's longest running trial area at Glentress, Scotland.  Forestry, 83: 329-344.

Mason. W.L. (2010). Respacing naturally regenerating Sitka spruce and other conifers (PDF-1995K). Forestry Commission Practice Note 16, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Hale, S. and Kerr, G. (2009). Factors to consider when defining acceptable stocking levels for conifer regeneration in continuous cover forestry. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 103(2):111-119.

Hale. S.E., Edwards, C., Mason, W.L., Price, M. and Peace, A. (2009). Relationships between canopy transmittance and stand parameters in Sitka spruce and Scots pine stands in Britain. Forestry, 82(5): 503-513. 

Ireland, D. and Kerr, G. (2008). CCF Harvesting Method Development: Harvester Head Visibility (PDF-474K). Forestry Commission Technical Development Internal Project Information Note 10/08. Technical Development, Ae Village.

Ireland, D. (2009). Final Overstorey Removal Removal in Uniform Shelterwood (PDF-1265K). Forestry Commission Technical Development Internal Project Information Note 45/08. Technical Development, Ae Village.

Kerr, G. (2009). Silvicultural systems for tomorrow.  Continuous Cover Forestry Group Newsletter 29, 4-8. January 2009. www.ccfg.co.uk

Mason, W.L. and Glenny, I.J. (2009). Implementing continuous cover forestry in a mixed broadleaved woodland in north Nottinghamshire; results after 20 years. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 103:185-193.

Poore, A. and Kerr, G. (2009). Continuous Cover Silviculture at the Stourhead (Western) Estate, Wiltshire, UK. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 103:23-30.

Stokes, V. and Kerr, G. (2009). The evidence supporting the use of CCF in adapting Scotland’s forests to the risks of climate change (PDF-891K). Report to the Forestry Commission Scotland by Forest Research.  Alice Holt Lodge, Farnham, Surrey, England.

Stokes, V., Kerr, G. and Ireland, D. (2009). Seedling height and the impact of harvesting operations on advance regeneration of conifer species in upland Britain. Forestry, 82:185-198.

Kerr, G. (2008). Managing Continuous Cover Forests (PDF-6129K).   Forestry Commission Operational Guidance Booklet 7. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Kerr, G. (2008). Still unsure about continuous cover forestry? Forestry and Timber news, December 2008, p13-14.

Kerr, G., Gosling, P., Morgan, G., Stokes, V., Cunningham, V. and Parratt, M. (2008). Seed production and seedling survival in a 50 year-old stand of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio) in southern Britain. Forestry, 81(4):525-541.

Mason, W. (2008). Natural regeneration of Sitka spruce in the Forest of Ae: development over 25 years. Scottish Forestry, 62:2-9.

Ireland, D. (2007). Transformation Thinning in CCF with Advanced Natural Regeneration, Case Study: Clocaenog, North Wales. Forestry Commission Technical Development Internal Project Information Note 21/07. Technical Development, Ae Village, Scotland.

Ireland, D. (2006). Operational Experience of Continuous Cover Forestry: UK Case Studies (PDF-5381K). Forestry Commission Technical Development Internal Project Information Note 13/06. Technical Development, Ae Village.

Ireland, D. (2006). Traction Aids in Forestry (PDF-1690K). Technical Note 13, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Mason, W.L. (2006). Managing mixed stands of conifers and broadleaves in upland forests in Britain (PDF-872K). Forestry Commission Information Note 83, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. 6pp.

Mason, W.L. (2006). Silviculture of Scottish forests at a time of change. Journal of Sustainable Forestry. 24:41-57.

Mason, W.L. (2006). Transformation of conifer plantations to mixed forests: initial guidance from an experiment in Wykeham forest, North Yorkshire. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 1-12.

Edwards, C. & Mason, W.L. (2006). Stand structure and dynamics of four native Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) woodlands in northern Scotland. Forestry. 79: 261-277.

Edwards, C. & Rhodes, A. (2006). The influence of ground disturbance on natural regeneration in a native pinewood: results after 60 years. Scottish Forestry, 60(2):4-11.

Hale, S.E. & Brown, N. (2005). Use of the canopy-scope as a means of assessing canopy openness in plantation forests in Britain. Forestry, 78, 365-371.

Kerr, G., Edwards, C. & Mason, W.L. (2005). Successful CCF from 48p per year! Forestry and British Timber 34(1):16-20.

Hale, S.E. (2004). Managing Light to Enable Natural Regeneration in British Conifer Forests (PDF-100K). Information Note 63. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. pp. 6.

Hale, S.E., Levy, P.E. & Gardiner, B. (2004). Trade-offs between seedling growth and stand stability in alternative silvicultural systems : a modelling analysis. For. Ecol. Manage. 187, 105-115.

Mason, W.L., Edwards, C. & Hale, S.E. (2004). Survival and early seedling growth of conifers with different shade tolerance in a Sitka spruce spacing trial and relationship to understorey light climate. Silva Fennica 38(4): 357–370.

Mason, W.L. & Humphrey, J.W. (2004). Silvicultural strategies for developing old growth structures in conifer plantations with reference to oceanic climates. Berichte Freiburger Forstliche Forschung 47, 30.

Hale, S.E. (2003). The effects of thinning intensity on the below-canopy light environment in a Sitka spruce plantation. For. Ecol. Manage. 179, 341-349.

Kerr, G., Mason, W. L., Boswell, R. (2003). A sampling system to monitor the transformation from even-aged stands to continuous cover.  Forestry, 76(4): 425-435.

Mason, W.L. (2003). Continuous Cover Forestry: developing close-to-nature forest management in conifer plantations in upland Britain. Scottish Forestry, 57, 141-149.

Hale, S.E. & Edwards, C. (2002). Comparison of film and digital hemispherical photography for assessing canopy characteristics and the understorey light environment of British plantation forests. Agric. For. Meteorol. 112, 51–56.

Kerr, G. (2002). The potential for the sustainable management of semi-natural woodlands in southern England using uneven-aged silviculture. Forestry, 75:227-243.

Kerr, G. (2002). Uneven-aged silviculture: putting ideas into practice. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 96(2):111-116.

Kerr, G., Mason, W.L., Boswell, R., & Pommerening, A. (2002). Monitoring the transformation of even-aged stands to Continuous Cover Management (PDF-188K) . Forestry Commission Information Note 45, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Kerr, G., Poore, A., Pengelly, D. & Brown, A. (2002). Stand dynamics of conversion to continuous cover forestry. Continuous Cover Forestry Group Newsletter 21. September 2002.

Mason, W.L. (2002). Are irregular stands more windfirm? Forestry, 75, 347-355.

Cameron, A.D., Mason, W.L., & Malcolm, D.C. (eds.) (2001). The transformation of plantation forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 151, 224 p.

Hale, S.E. (2001). Light regime beneath Sitka spruce plantations in northern Britain: preliminary results. For. Ecol. Manage. 151, 1-3, 61-66.

Kerr, G. (2001). An improved spreadsheet to calculate target diameter distributions in uneven-aged silviculture. Continuous Cover Forestry Group Newsletter 19. August 2001.

Kerr, G. (2001). Uneven-aged silviculture in Britain. Forest Research Report 2001/2, p35-42. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Kerr, G. & Harmer, R. (2001). Potential use of alternative silvicultural systems in broadleaved woodlands. ICF News, 1/2001: 3-4.

Malcolm, D.C., Mason, W.L., & Clarke, G.C. (2001). The transformation of conifer forests in Great Britain – regeneration, gap size, and silvicultural systems. Forest Ecology and Management, 151, 7-23.

Mason, W.L. (2001). Challenges to the use of continuous cover in the management of conifer forests in Great Britain. Continuous Cover Forestry Group newsletter, 18, 36-51. Also in : Sustainability in Time and Space: Proceedings of the Third International Pro-Silva Congress, Fallingbostel, Germany. pp 178-186.

Mason, W.L. & Kerr, G. (2001). Transforming even-aged conifer stands to Continuous Cover Management (PDF-88K) . Forestry Commission Information Note 40, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. 8pp. (revised version in 2004).

Edwards, C. & Mason, W.L. (2000).  Long term structure and vegetation changes in a native pinewood reserve in northern Scotland.  In: Long-term studies in British woodland, (eds.) K.J. Kirby and M.D. Morecroft.  English Nature Science, 34, 32-40.

Helliwell, D.R. (2000). Continuous Cover Forestry. Rodney Helliwell, Wirksworth, Derbyshire, UK.

Kerr, G. (2000). Natural regeneration of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio) in Great Britain.  Forestry, 73(5):479-488.

Kerr, G. & O’Hara, K.L. (2000). Uneven-aged silviculture: common myths explored.  Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 94(2): 145-150.

Kerr, G. (1999). The use of silvicultural systems to enhance the biological diversity of plantation forests in Britain. Forestry, 72(3):191-205

Mason, W.L., Kerr, G. & Simpson, J. (1999). What is Continuous Cover Forestry? (PDF-81K).  Forestry Commission Information Note 29. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. 8pp.

Yorke, D.B.M. (1998). The management of Continuous Cover Forests: an alternative to clearfelling. Mark York, Tywyn, Gwynedd.

Edwards, C. & Nixon, C.J. (1997). The potential role of uneven-aged management in Scots pine forests in northern Britain. Studies of age structure and stand dynamics. In: Uneven-aged Management Symposium, IUFRO, 37-45. Corvallis, Oregon.

Harmer, R., Kerr, G. & Boswell, R. (1997). Characteristics of lowland broadleaved woodland being restocked using natural regeneration, Forestry, 70(3), 199-210.

Helliwell, D.R. (1997). Dauerwald. Forestry 70, 375-380.

Hart, C. (1995). Alternative Silvicultural Systems to Clear Cutting in Britain: a review. FC Bulletin 115. HMSO. London.

Edwards, C. & Dixon, A. (1994). Black Wood of Rannoch – effects of an exclosure on tree regeneration. Native Woodlands Discussion Group Newsletter 19, 49-52.