Liz O’Brien, BSc, PhD

Head of Social and Economic Research Group

Liz O'Brien

Email: liz.obrien@forestry.gsi.gov.uk

Tel: +44 (0)300 067 5600
Tel direct: +44 (0)300 067 5700
Fax: +44 (0)1420 23653

Address:
Forest Research
Alice Holt Lodge
Farnham
Surrey GU10 4LH
UK

Liz O'Brien on ResearchGate

Dr Liz O’Brien joined Forest Research in 2000, after completing a PhD at the University of Central Lancashire which involved research into land management and environmental conservation practices of organisations, landowners and farmers.

Current role

Head of Social and Economic Research Group

Liz is head of a dynamic Social and Economic Research Group that focuses on understanding the complex relationships between forestry, the environment and society.

She is currently leading a four year programme on ‘Valuing and governing forest ecosystem services,’ which is interdisciplinary. Liz was involved in the United Kingdom National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-on project on the ‘shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems’. She has recently been a work package leader on an EU Cost Action on the social and environmental benefits of green infrastructure, leading a team focused on socio-cultural benefits.

Her research experience and interests over the past few years concern the well-being benefits that people gain from engagement with trees, woodlands and green spaces at a variety of different levels of activity from ‘hands on’ engagement, such as volunteering, to using and being in woodlands through walking, cycling etc. This aspect of Liz’s work focuses particularly on health and restoration in terms of physical, mental and social health, and also on education and learning particularly through approaches to outdoor learning. She is interested in how the benefits people gain can potentially lead to wider impacts on individual’s lives, and community development and capacity building. Liz is increasingly involved in evaluations of programmes and interventions aimed at engaging a wide variety of groups with nature and focused on sustaining or changing behaviours. These include evaluations of the Grow Wild Programme for the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, the Active Forest programme for Forest Enterprise England and the Westonbirt Arboretum community inclusion programme.

She has also been involved in a number of other interdisciplinary projects with ecologists, economists, psychologists, biologists and finds this a particularly important way of gaining different perspectives, understanding other approaches and methods, and seeing how these can be incorporated into new research. She has and is collaborating with many countries on research and in the exchange and development of evidence and ideas.

Current projects

Valuing and governing forest ecosystem services

Role: Programme Manager 

Green infrastructure – European network

Role: Work package leader

Trees and woodlands for well-being

Role: Programme Manager

Active Forest Programme Evaluation

Role: Evaluation lead

Cultural ecosystem services, shared values and wellbeing

Role: Programme manager

Children and young people’s engagement with nature

Role: Programme manager

Land manager and community woodland research

Role: Programme participant

Affiliations and responsibilities

  • Member of International Association of People Environment Studies
  • Member of International Sociological Association
  • Member of Natural Environment Social Research Network

Main recent publications and knowledge exchange activities

Peer reviewed journal articles

O’Brien, L. De Vreese, R, Kern, M, Sievanen, T,  Stojanova, B. Atmis, E. (2017). Cultural ecosystem benefits of urban and peri-urban green infrastructure across different European Countries. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 24: 236-248.

O’Brien, L. Morris, J. Mazarno, M and Dandy, N. (2016) Promoting sustainability behaviours through forestry. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research 90: 88-98. doi: 10.1093/forestry/cpw030

Irvine, K., O’Brien, L., Ravenscroft, N., Cooper, N., Everard, M., Fazey, I., Reed, M., Kenter, J.O. 2016. Ecosystem services and the idea of shared values. Ecosystem Services 21, 184-193.

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M. S., Irvine, K.N., O'Brien, E., Bryce, R., Christie, M., Cooper, N., Hockley, N., Fazey, I., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Raymond, C.M., Tett, P., Watson, V. 2016. Shared values and deliberative valuation: Future directions. Ecosystem Services 21, 358-371.

Skar, M. Gunderson, V and O’Brien, L (2016) How to engage children with nature: why not just let them play?  Children’s Geographies, 14: 527-540.

Skar, M. Gunderson, V and O’Brien, L (2016) Why do children not play in nearby nature? Results from a Norwegian survey. Journal of Adventure Education and Outdoor Learning,16: 239-255

Gunderson, V. Skar, M. O’Brien, L, Wold, L. Follo, G. (2016) Children and nearby nature: A nationwide parental survey from Norway. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, 17: 116-125.

Jasper O. Kenter, Liz O’Brien, Neal Hockley, Neil Ravenscroft, Ioan Fazey, Katherine N.Irvine, Mark S. Reed, Michael Christie, Emily Brady, Rosalind Bryce, Andrew Church, Nigel Cooper, Althea Davies, Anna Evely, Mark Everard, Robert Fish, Janet A. Fisher, Niels Jobstvogt, Claire Molloy, Johanne Orchard-Webb, Susan Ranger, Mandy Ryan, Verity Watson and Susan Williams. 2015. What are shared and social values of ecosystems? Ecological Economics, 111: 86-99.

O’Brien, L. Morris, J and Stewart, A. 2014. Engaging with peri-urban woodlands in England: the contribution to people’s health and well-being and implications for future management. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11: 6171-6192; doi:10.3390/ijerph110606171

O’Brien, L. Ambrose-Oji, B. Morris, J and Edwards, D. 2014. Civil society and flood resilience: characterising flood risk volunteers and understanding motivations and benefits. National Council for Voluntary Organisations. Conference paper. Winner of the Campbell Adamson Prize for best paper of the conference.

Williams, K. O’Brien, L and Stewart A. 2013. Urban health and urban forestry: how can forest management agencies help? Arboriculture Journal, 35: 119-133

O’Brien, L and Morris, J. 2013. Well-being for all? The social distribution of benefits gained from woodlands and forests in Britain. Local Environment, 19, 4: 356-383.

O’Brien, L., Marzano, M., White R.M. (2013) Participatory interdisciplinarity: Towards the integration of disciplinary diversity with stakeholder engagement for new models of knowledge production. Science and Public Policy (2013) 40 (1): 51-61 first published online January 7, 2013 doi:10.1093/scipol/scs120

O’Brien, L., Marcu, A., Marzano., Barnett, J., Quine, C and Uzzell, D. 2012. Situating risk in the context of a woodland visit: A Case Study on Lyme Borreliosis. Scottish Forestry, 66: 14-24.

O’Brien, L and Varley, P. (2012). Use of ethnographic approaches to the study of health experiences in relation to natural landscapes. Perspectives in Public Health, 132: 305-312.

Jay, M., Peters, K., Buijs, A., Gentin, S., Kloek, M. and O’Brien, L. (2011). Towards more inclusiveness? Policy and research on access of ethnic minority groups to natural areas in four European countries. Forestry Policy and Economics, 19: 4-11.

Townsend, M. Ebden, M and O’Brien, L. (2011). Greening places reduces the blues: promoting mental health through environmental volunteering. Public Health Bulletin South Australia: Health and the Environment, Vol 8, No 2: 3-6.

Morris, J. and O’Brien, E. (2011). Encouraging healthy outdoor activity amongst under-represented groups: An evaluation of the Active England woodland projects. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening

O'Brien, L., Burls, A., Townsend, M. and Ebden, M. (2011). Volunteering with nature as a way of enabling people to re-integrate into society. Perspectives in Public Health, 131: 71-81.

Morris, J., O’Brien, L., Ambrose-Oji, B., Lawrence, A. and Carter, C. (2011). Access for all? Barriers to accessing woodlands and forests in Britain. Local Environment. 16: 375-396.

Quine, C., Barnett, J., Dobson, A., Marcu, A., Marzano, M., Moseley, D., O’Brien, L., Randolph., Taylor, J. and Uzzell, D. (2011). Frameworks for risk communication and disease management: the case of lyme disease and countryside users. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society.  doi:10.1098/rstb.2010.0397.

O’Brien, L., Burls, A., Bentsen, P., Hilmo, I., Holter, K., Haberling, D., Pirnat, J., Sarv, M., Vilbaste, K. and McLoughlin, J. (2011). Outdoor education, life long learning and skills development in woodlands and green spaces: the potential links to health and well-being. In K. Nilsson. M. Sangster. C. Gallis. T. Hartig. S. de Vries. K. Seeland. Forests, trees and human health. Book Chapter 12: 343-374. Springer.

Park, J.J., O’Brien, L., Roe, J., Ward Thompson, C. & Mitchell, R. (2010). The natural outdoors and health: assessing the value and potential contribution of quantitative public surveys in the UK to current and future knowledge. Health & Place. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.11.005.

O'Brien, L., Townsend, M. and Ebden, M. (2010). ‘Doing something positive’: Volunteer’s experiences of the well-being benefits derived from practical conservation activities in nature. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Non profit organisations, 21: 525-545.

Book and book chapters (including published conference proceedings)

D Pearlmutter, C Calfapietra, R Samson, L O’Brien, S Krajter Ostoic, G Sanesi, R Alonson del Amo (Eds) 2017. The urban forest: cultivating green infrastructure for people and the environment. Springer, Switzerland.

O’Brien, L., De Vreese, R., Atmiş, E., Olafsson, A., Sievänen, T., Brennan, M.,  Sanchez, M., Panagopoulos, T., de Vries, S., Kern, M, Gentin, S., Saraiva, G., Almeida, A. 2017.  Social and environmental justice: diversity in access to and benefits from GI - examples from Europe. In D Pearlmutter, C Calfapietra, R Samson, L O’Brien, S Krajter Ostoic, G Sanesi, R Alonson del Amo (Eds) The urban forest: cultivating green infrastructure for people and the environment. Springer, Switzerland.

Carinanos, P., Calaza-Martinez, P., O’Brien, L., Calfapietra, C. 2017. The cost of greening: disservices of urban trees. In D Pearlmutter, C Calfapietra, R Samson, L O’Brien, S Krajter Ostoic, G Sanesi, R Alonson del Amo (Eds) The urban forest: cultivating green infrastructure for people and the environment. In D Pearlmutter, C Calfapietra, R Samson, L O’Brien, S Krajter Ostoic, G Sanesi, R Alonson del Amo (Eds) The urban forest: cultivating green infrastructure for people and the environment. Springer, Switzerland.

Terkenli, T., Bell, S., Zivojinovic, I., Tomicevic-Dubljevic, J., Panagopoulos, T., Straupe, I., Toskovic, O., Kristianova, K., Straigyte, L and O’Brien, L. 2017. Recreational use of urban green infrastructure: the tourist’s perspective. In D Pearlmutter, C Calfapietra, R Samson, L O’Brien, S Krajter Ostoic, G Sanesi, R Alonson del Amo (Eds) The urban forest: cultivating green infrastructure for people and the environment. Springer, Switzerland

O’Brien, L., De Vreese, R., Atmiş, E., Olafsson, A., Sievänen, T., Brennan, M.,  Sanchez, M., Panagopoulos, T., de Vries, S., Kern, M, Gentin, S., Saraiva, G., Almeida, A. (in-press) Social and environmental justice: diversity in access to and benefits from GI - examples from Europe. Springer.

O’Brien, L. Ambrose-Oji, B. Waite, S. 2016. Learning on the move: green exercise for children and young people. In J Barton, R Bragg, C Wood, J Pretty eds Green Exercise: Linking nature, health and well-being. Earthscan, London.

O’Brien, L and Morris, J. 2013. Using woodlands to improve individual and community well-being. In R. Coles and Z. Millian. Landscape, well-being and Environment. Routledge, pp167-183.

Gallis, G., Sangster, M., Tellnes, G., Sansesi, G., O’Brien, L., Holmbom, B., Batt-Rawden, K. 2012. Research into forests and human health - Current status and trends in Europe. In Forest Medicine. Ed. Qing Li. Nova Science Publishers Inc.

O’Brien, L., Burls, A., Bentsen, P., Hilmo, I., Holter, K., Haberling, D., Pirnat, J., Sarv, M., Vilbaste, K. and McLoughlin, J. 2011. Outdoor education, life long learning and skills development in woodlands and green spaces: the potential links to health and well-being. In K. Nilsson. M. Sangster. C. Gallis. T. Hartig. S. de Vries. K. Seeland. Forests, trees and human health. Book Chapter 12: 343-374. Springer

FC and FR publications including official statistics

Davies, H. Doick, K. Handley, P. O’Brien, L. Wilson, J. 2017. Delivery of ecosystem services by urban forests. Forestry Commission, Research Report. Pp27.

Doick, K. Davies, H. Handley, P. Vaz Monteiro, M. O’Brien, L and Ashwood, F. 2016. Introducing England’s Urban Forest: definition, distribution, composition and benefits. Forest Research.

O’Brien, L. 2010. Are we creating problems for the future? Children, young people and the concept of nature deficit disorder. FR Monograph. Forest Research, Farnham.

Contract and project reports – excluding any which are commercially confidential

Hemery, G., Ambrose-Oji, B., Atkinson, G., Edwards, D., Lloyd, S., O’Brien, L., Reid, C., Townsend, M., Weir, J., Yeomans, A., Petrokofsky, G.P. (2015) Awareness, actions and aspirations among Britain's forestry community to environmental change: Report of the British Woodlands Survey 2015. 31pp.

O’Brien, L. 2015. London i-tree eco project: volunteers experiences. Report for Forestry Commission England.

O’Brien, L. Ambrose-Oji, B. Morris, J and Edwards D. (2014). Volunteers contribution to flood resilience. Final report to the Environment Agency.

O’Brien, L., Ambrose-Oji, B., Williams, R. and Morris, J. (2014). Work Package 3 Report: Case study, survey, diary and interview research on FCRM volunteering. Report by Forest Research for the Environment Agency.

Edwards, D. O’Brien, L. Ambrose-Oji, B and Morris, J. (2014). Work Package 4 Report: Issues and options concerning FCRM volunteering. Report by Forest Research for the Environment Agency.

Kenter, J.O. Reed, M.S, Everad, M., Irvine, K.N., O’Brien, E. Molloy, C., Bryce, R. Brady, E., Christie, M., Church, A., Collins, T., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Edwards, D., Evely, A., Fazey, I., Goto, R., Hockley, N., Jobstvogt, N., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Ryan, A., Watson. 2014. Shared, plural and cultural values: A handbook for decision makers. UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase. Cambridge, UNEP-WCMC.

Jasper O. Kenter, Mark S. Reed, Katherine N. Irvine, Liz O’Brien, Emily Brady, Rosalind Bryce, Mike Christie, Andrew Church, Nigel Cooper, Althea Davies, Anna Evely, Mark Everard, Ioan Fazey, Neal Hockley,Niels Jobstvogt, Claire Molloy, Johanna Orchard-Webb, Neil Ravenscroft, Mandy Ryan, and Verity Watson. 2014.  Shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems: Summary. Report of WP6 UK NEA follow on project. pp31

Jasper O. Kenter, Mark S. Reed, Katherine N. Irvine, Liz O’Brien, Emily Brady, Rosalind Bryce, Mike Christie, Andrew Church, Nigel Cooper, Althea Davies, Anna Evely, Mark Everard, Ioan Fazey, Neal Hockley,Niels Jobstvogt, Claire Molloy, Johanna Orchard-Webb, Neil Ravenscroft, Mandy Ryan, and Verity Watson. 2014.  Shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems. Full report of WP6 UK NEA follow on project. pp211.

O’Brien, L. 2014. Innovative NHS Greenspace. Briefing note for the Green Exercise Partnership (made up of NHS Scotland, FC Scotland, Scottish Natural Heritage) pp6.

O’Brien, L. 2014. We have stopped moving: Tackling physical inactivity – a role for the Public Forest Estate in England. Forestry Commission and Forest Research.

Lawrence, A. Ambrose-Oji, B and O’Brien, L. 2014. FES health check of community engagement. Report to Forestry Commission Scotland.

Ambrose-Oji, B., O’Brien, L., Morris. J. and Williams, R. (2013). Work Package 1 Report: FCRM volunteering baseline data and typology development. Report to the Environment Agency. With supporting resource spreadsheet: ‘EA volunteer case studies baseline dataset - 97 examples’.

Morris, J., Williams, R., O’Brien, L. and Ambrose-Oji, B. (2013). Work Package 2 Report: Developing an FCRM evaluation framework. Report by Forest Research for the Environment Agency. With two supporting resource spreadsheets: ‘EA volunteer evaluation review’ and ‘EA evaluation framework criteria and indicators’.

Smith, C. Johnson, A. Fernall, D. Mitchell, M. Harper, G. Cottrill, A. (Liz O’Brien Defra contributor. (2013)Chalara in ash trees: a framework for assessing ecosystem impacts and appraising options. Defra, London.

Morris, J., O’Brien, L., Stewart, A. (2013). Social impacts and well-being of Environment Agency activities. Environment Agency, Bristol.

Morris, J. O’Brien, L and Stewart, A. 2013. Social impacts and well-being of Environment Agency activities. Report for the Environment Agency.

Morris, J. Marzano, M. Dandy, N. O’Brien, L. 2012. Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change – setting the scene. Summary Report. Forest Research Farnham.

Morris, J. Marzano, M. Dandy, N. O’Brien, L. 2012. Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change. Policy context – influencing and changing behaviour. Forest Research Farnham.

Morris, J. Marzano, M. Dandy, N. O’Brien, L. 2012. Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change. Theories and models of behaviour and behaviour change. Forest Research Farnham.

Morris, J. Marzano, M. Dandy, N. O’Brien, L. 2012. Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change. Lessons learnt from interventions and evaluations. Forest Research Farnham.

Morris, J. Marzano, M. Dandy, N. O’Brien, L. 2012. Forestry, sustainable behaviours and behaviour change – discussion paper. Forest Research Farnham.

Christie et al. 2012. BRIDGE: Bridging the gap between supply of and demand for valuation evidence. Final report on VNN project to NERC.

Molteno, S. Morris, J and O’Brien, L. 2012. Public access to woodlands and forests: a rapid evidence review. Forest Research, Farnham.

O’Brien, L, Morris, J and Stewart, A. 2012. Exploring the relationships between peri-urban woodlands and health and well-being. Pp. 76. Forest Research, Farnham

Carter, C. O’Brien, L and Morris, J. 2011. Enabling positive change: evaluation of the Neroche Landscape Partnership Scheme. Report to the Forestry Commission

O’Brien, L and Lovell, B. 2011. A Review of Forest Education Initiative in Britain. Report to the Forestry Commission. Pp. 99

O’Brien, L and Marzano, M. 2010. Volunteering in and for Scotland’s forests. Report to Forestry Commission Scotland. Pp. 128

Currie, M., O’Brien, E., Varley, P., Uzzell, D., Gaterlseben, B., White, E., Johnston, L., Farmer, J., MacRury, S., Hines, F., Ravenscroft, N., Marshall, A., Smith, M.A. and Munoz, S-A. (2010) Assessment of effectiveness of ‘alternative’ methods in collecting longitudinal data on individuals’ outdoors experiences, behaviours and health. Discussion paper for the Outdoors and Health Network, ESRC grant no. RES-355-25-0040.

Marshall, A., Currie, M., O’Brien, E., Roe, J., Ward Thompson, C., Mitchell, R., Wheeler, B., Higgins, P., Geyer, J., Christie, E., Park, J.J., Church, A., Farmer, J., Cummins, S., Sangster, M. and Bird, W. (2010) Knowledge gaps and methodological development of a framework for a longitudinal resource in outdoors and health research: A discussion paper. Report for the Outdoors and Health Network, ESRC grant no. RES-355-25-0040.

Stewart, A and O’Brien, L. 2010. Inventory of social evidence and practical programmes related to trees, woods and forests and urban/peri urban regeneration, place making and place shaping. Report to the Forestry Commission. Pp. 123

O’Brien, E., Ward Thompson, C., Roe, J., Mitchell, R., Wheeler, B. and Marshall, A. (2010). Mapping of quantitative secondary longitudinal datasets and development of a questionnaire module for outdoors and health research. Report for the Outdoors and Health Network, ESRC grant no. RES-355-25-0040.

O’Brien, L and Morris, J. 2010. Estimating visitor and visit numbers to woodlands. Report to the Forestry Commission. Pp. 42

Lovell, R. O’Brien, L. Owen, R. 2010. Review of the research evidence in relation to the role of trees, woods and forest in formal education and learning. Report to the Forestry Commission. Pp. 60

O’Brien, L., Williams, K and Stewart A. 2010. Urban health and health inequalities and the role of trees, woods and forests in Britain: a review. Report to the Forestry Commission. Pp. 94

Trade journal and newsletter articles

O’Brien, L. Ambrose-Oji, B. Morris, J and Edwards, D. 2014. Civil society and flood resilience: characterising flood risk volunteers and understanding motivations and benefits. National Council for Voluntary Organisations. Conference paper. Winner of the Campbell Adamson Prize for best paper of the conference.

O’Brien, L. 2011. Using trees and woodlands to improve individual and community well-being: interventions, activities and barriers. Well-being conference proceedings. City of Birmingham University.

O’Brien, L. 2010. ‘It’s fun to play about in’ children’s health and the outdoors – setting the scene. Countryside Recreation Network.

Scientific conferences: presentations or posters

Invited oral presentations

Green infrastructure: nature based solutions for sustainable and resilient cities. 2017. Orvieto, Italy. Engaging communities and partners to participate in the co-production of GI

Alter-Net Nature and Urban Wellbeing – Nature based solutions. 2015. Ghent, Belgium. Improving the wellbeing of diverse and excluded communities through nature based solutions in Britain.  

Beyond Greenspace workshop. 2014. Falmouth Cornwall. Trees, woods and forests for health and well-being in Britain.

Trees, Greenspace and Health and Wellbeing, University of Cambridge 2013. Greenspace an essential component of health and well-being?

Natural Learning Initiative Conference, 2013.  North Carolina USA.  Reconnecting children and young people with woodlands and forests. Invited keynote speaker.

Leisure Studies Association Conference, Edinburgh 2012. Presentation: The contribution of trees, woods and forests to well-being and quality of life. (Invited Keynote Speaker)

Good from Woods, 2012, Dartmoor. Presentation: Does research evidence make a difference? (Invited Keynote Speaker).

Workshop at DEFRA 2011, London for Independent Forestry Panel on Cultural and social issues affecting woodlands and forestry policy in England. Presentation: ‘Trees and woodlands: well-being benefits and experiences’.

European Institute of Outdoor Adventure Education and Experiential Learning Finland. 2011. Presentation: Why woods? Growing adventure and the importance of trees, woods and forests. (Invited Keynote speaker)

Planning for healthy communities. Royal Town Planning Institute conference, London 2010. Presentation: Can urban forestry help deliver healthy communities?

Other presentations

International Symposium on Society and Resource Management. 2017. Umea, Sweden. Well-being benefits from urban forests and greenspace for diverse sections of society.

International Association of People Environment Studies, June 2016, Sweden. Presentation: Engagement and interaction with nature by under-represented groups in Britain: what does it mean for management and decision making?

National Parks and Wildlife as Natural Health Providers, Wales, April 2014. Presentation: Well-being for all? The social distribution of benefits gained from woodlands and forests in Britain.

European Forum for Urban Forestry, Switzerland, June 2014. Presentation: Equality of access and engagement with woodlands in Britain: enablers and barriers.

Cultural ecosystem services: inside the black box of natural resource management. Ecological Knowledge Network Meeting 2013, Exeter. Presentation: Cultural ecosystem services from trees, woods and forests.

Ecological economics and institutional dynamics. 10th International Conference of the European Society for Ecological Economics, 2013. Lille France. Presentation: Shared and cultural values around ecosystems, health and renewable energy.

Forests for people: international experiences and the vital role of forests for the future. 2012. IUFRO, Austria. Presentation: The social distribution of well-being benefits gained from trees, woods and forests in Britain.

Open space: People Place. The physical environment, health and well-being, 2011, Edinburgh. Presentation: Access of ethnic minority groups to natural areas: a review of policy and research in four European countries.

Open space: People Place. The physical environment, health and well-being, 2011, Edinburgh. Presentation: Nature’s health service: creating opportunities in woodlands for improving well-being across different social groups.

Well-being 2011, Birmingham. Presentation: Using woodlands to improve individual and community well-being: interventions, activities and barriers.

Trees and woods in British Society, 2010, April, Edinburgh. Presentation: Are we creating problems for the future? Children, young people and the concept of nature deficit disorder.

MMV 2010 Conference,  May, Waginingen. Presentation: What enables or prevents diverse groups, including black and ethnic minorities, from using and enjoying British woodlands?