• Corsican pine

Corsican pine

1976 and 1987 progeny tests

Over the 50-years that the Genetics and Tree Improvement Branches have been in existence, Corsican pine could never be considered a major species nationally, but it has retained local importance, particularly in East England. There have, however, been certain years, namely 1976 and 1987, when there has been great activity devoted to this species.

In 1976, a single progeny test containing 524 open-pollinated families was planted in Thetford Forest (East Anglia). The test, which was not replicated across sites, had a chequered history with many fatalities due to the application at a very early age of herbicide with an incorrect formulation.

In 1987, a further 350 open-pollinated families were put out to test in seven different series; each series contained approximately 50 families and was replicated across three sites.

In both the 1976 and 1987 tests, the selected parent trees were chosen as above average, flowering phenotypes within good quality stands, known to be of an appropriate seed origin, in Thetford forest. Seed was collected by climbing the trees and the progeny were put out to test very soon thereafter. Previously, 15 open-pollinated Corsican pine progeny tests had been established during the late 1960s and early 1970s containing material collected from a much smaller number of plus trees selected in the more traditional way involving a very high selection differential.

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Assessments have been carried out for vigour and stem straightness, but wood density has never been measured.

It is now possible to construct a breeding population by reselecting amongst the original parent trees, and the analysis of data from Corsican pine tests in order to compose this breeding population was planned for 1999.

It was not envisaged that breeding will proceed into a second generation.

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What's of interest

These pages review the work performed by the Forestry Commission and Forest Research on tree improvement following the 50th aniversary of its establishment which passed in 1998.
The genetic background describes the scientific procedures of tree breeding and the technical terms used in the remaining pages.
All species are referred to by their common name in English.