Victoria Stokes, BSc, MSc, PhD, MICFor

Silviculturist

Tor StokesEmail: victoria.stokes@forestry.gsi.gov.uk

Tel: +44 (0)300 067 5900
Tel direct: +44 (0)300 067 5738

Address:
Forest Research
Norther Research Station
Roslin
Midlothian, EH25 9SY
UK

Dr Victoria Stokes joined Forest Research in 2002, after completing a PhD at the University of Essex which involved research into the carbon and water balance of mature oak and sycamore tree canopies.  She initially worked as an Environmental Physiologist on Short Rotation Forestry, and now carries out research on Upland Silviculture.

Current role

Silviculturist in the Forest Management Research Group

Victoria leads and manages silvicultural research in Upland Forestry.  She carries out research on alternative management systems, emerging species, silviculture of broadleaved species, and alternative establishment techniques.

She also manages Forest Research’s Long-term Experiments project, a network of around 400 experiments covering topics including mixtures, species, provenance, nutrition, ground preparation, stability and exposure, timber quality, spacing, thinning, native woodlands and natural regeneration.  The project aims to conserve the best silviculture and genetics field experiments as a strategic resource that can be re-examined to address current and future questions about sustainable forest management.

Victoria is a member of both the Institute of Chartered Foresters and the editorial board of ‘Scottish Forestry’, the journal of the Royal Scottish Forestry Society.

Current projects

  • Leader of the Long-term Experiments project
  • Upland Silviculture
  • Continuous Cover Forestry
  • Management of broadleaved species
  • Mixed species stands
  • Emerging species, forest resilience and adaptation
  • Management of natural regeneration and underplanting

Affiliations and achievements

  • Member of the Institute of Chartered Foresters
  • Member of the Continuous Cover Forestry Group
  • Member of the Association of Applied Biologists

Main recent publications and knowledge exchange activities

Peer reviewed journal articles

Kerr, G., Snellgrove, M., Hale, S., Stokes, V. 2017. The Bradford-Hutt system for transforming young even-aged stands to continuous cover management. Forestry, Accepted February 2017.

Willoughby, I., Stokes, V., Forster, J. 2016. Gaultheria shallon can be effectively controlled by the herbicides picloram, triclopyr or glyphosate if they are applied at the correct time of year. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, Accepted October 2016.

Kerr, G., Stokes, V., Peace, A., Fletcher, A., Samuel, S., Mackintosh, H. and Mason, W.L. (2016) No seed zone effects on the survival, growth, and stem form of Pacific silver fir (Abies amabilis) in Britain.  Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 46:427-436

Harmer, R., Kerr, G., Stokes, V., Connolly, T. 2016. The influence of thinning intensity and bramble control on ground flora development in a mixed broadleaved woodland. Forestry. 1-11, https://doi.org/10.1093/forestry/cpw048

Ian H.Willoughby, Marion K. Seier, Victoria J. Stokes, Sarah E. Thomas and Sonal Varia (2015) Synthetic herbicides were more effective than a bioherbicide based on Chondrostereum purpureum in reducing resprouting of Rhododendron ponticum, a host of Phytophthora ramorum in the UK. Forestry 88 (3): 336-344.

Kerr, G., Stokes, V., Peace, A. and Jinks, J. (2015) Effects of provenance on survival, growth and stem form of European silver fir (Abies alba Mill.) in Britain. European Journal of Forest Research. DOI: 10.1007/s10342-014-0856-9.

Willoughby, I.H. and Stokes, V.J. (2014) Mixture B new formulation adjuvant increases the rainfastness and hence effectiveness of glyphosate for rhododendron control. Forestry 88 (2), 1-8, 172-179.

Stokes, V.J. and Willoughby, I.H. (2014) Early weed control can increase long-term growth, yield and carbon sequestration of Sitka spruce stands in Britain. Forestry, 87(3): 425-435. DOI: 10.1093/forestry/cpu001

Stokes, V. (2013) Cone production of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in stands undergoing transformation to continuous cover forestry. Quarterly Journal of Forestry. 107 (2): 101-111.

Stokes, V. and Kerr, G. (2013). Long-term growth and yield effects of respacing natural regeneration of Sitka spruce in Britain. European Journal of Forest Research, 132 (2), 351-362. (DOI) 10.1007/s10342-012-0679-5.

Stokes, V. (2012). Some biodegradable mulch materials provide effective weed control during establishment of ash (Fraxinus excelsior L.) on farm woodland sites. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 106 (4): 257-268.

Kerr, G., Stokes, V., Peace, A. and Wylder, B. (2011). Natural regeneration of conifers: helping forest managers to predict success. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 106 (1), 23-30.

Stokes, V.J., Willoughby, I. 2011. The impact of bracken control on establishment of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra sub sp. laricio (Maire)) and pine weevil (Hylobius abietis (L.)) damage. In: Vegetation 2011, management [held at] Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, 27-28 April 2011, T Sparks, C Britt, A Cherrill, R Marrs, S Mortimer, R Pywell, I Rotherham, V J Stokes and D Westbury, eds. Aspects of Applied  Biology 108. Association of Applied Biologists, Wellesbourne, Warwick. 217-224.

Kerr, G., Stokes, V., Peace, A. and Wylder, B. (2011). Prediction of conifer natural regeneration in a ‘data-poor’ environment. Scottish Forestry, 65 (4), 28-36.

Stokes, V. and Willoughby, I. (2011). A comparison of cover crops, direct seeding and herbicides in the establishment of ash trees (Fraxinus excelsior (L.) in lowland Britain. Quarterly Journal of Forestry, 105 (1): 19-27.

Kerr, G., Morgan, G., Blyth, J. and Stokes, V.J. (2010). Transformation from even-aged plantations to an irregular forest: the world’s longest running trial area at Glentress, Scotland. Forestry 83 (3) 329-344.

Petrokofsky, G., Brown, N.D., Hemery, G.E., Woodward, S., Wilson, E., Weatherall, A., Stokes, V., Smithers, R.J., Sangster, M., Russell, K., Pullin, A.S., Price, C., Morecroft, M., Malins, M., Lawrence, A., Kirby, K.J., Godbold, D., Charman, E., Boshier, D., Bosbeer, S. and Arnold, J.E.M. (2010). A participatory process for identifying and prioritizing policy-relevant research questions in natural resource management: a case study from the UK forestry sector. Forestry 83 (4): 357-367.

Stokes, V., Morecroft, M. and Morison, J. (2010). Comparison of leaf water use efficiency of oak and sycamore in the canopy over two growing seasons. Trees, Structure and Function. 24 (2): 297-306. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-009-0399-8.

Reports

Stokes, V., Forster, J., Kerr, G. 2017. A comparison of Sitka x white spruce hybrids with QCI Sitka spruce. Internal Report to Forest Enterprise England, February 2017. 24pp.

Willoughby, I., Forster, J., Stokes, V. 2016. Gaultheria shallon can be effectively controlled by the herbicides picloram, triclopyr or glyphosate if they are applied at the correct time of year. Internal Report to Forest Enterprise England. May 2016, 38pp.

Stokes, V. 2015. Short Rotation Forestry Trials in Scotland: Progress report 2014. Internal report to Forestry Commission Scotland. 53 pp.

Willoughby, I., Stokes, V., Saunders, C., Tubby, K. 2015. The use of Ecoplugs for chemical thinning. Internal report to Forestry Commission. 37 pp.

Stokes, V. 2015. Summary report on three Forest Research experiments on hybrid spruce. Internal report to Forest Enterprise England. 11 pp.

Willoughby, I., Stokes, V. 2014. Cycloxydim may be a partial future alternative to propyzamide for the control of Molinia caerulea, Deschampsia flexuosa, Deschampsia cespitosa, Calamagrostis epigejos and Holcus lanatus. Internal report to Forest Enterprise Scotland, Forest Enterprise England and Natural Resources Wales. 31 pp.

Stokes, V. 2014. Short Rotation Forestry Trials in Scotland: Progress report 2012 and 2013. Internal report to Forestry Commission Scotland. 41 pp.

Stokes, V. 2011. Use of biodegradable mulch materials in the establishment of ash trees. Internal report to Forestry Commission. 10 pp.

Stokes, V. (2011). The impact of forests and forest management on slope stability (PDF-92K).  Internal report to the Forestry Commission.  7 pp.

Contract and project reports

Webber, J., de Leij, F., Hutchings, T., Kalantarzadeh, M., Seier, M., Stokes, V. (Editor), Thomas, S., Varia, S., Wall, M., Willoughby, I., Lawrence, V., Albertini, A., Brunt, A., Ireland, D. 2013. Determining best methods for the clearance and disposal of key host plants, especially invasive Rhododendron, for the control of the quarantine plant pathogens Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae. Final Report for Defra Project CTX0907. 152 pp. 

Webber, J., de Leij, F., Hutchings, T., Ireland, D., Kalantarzadeh, M., Seier, M., Stokes, V. (Editor), Thomas, S., Varia, S., Wall, M., Willoughby, I. 2013. Determining best methods for the clearance and disposal of key host plants, especially invasive Rhododendron, for the control of the quarantine plant pathogens Phytophthora ramorum and P. kernoviae: Best Practice Guidance. Best Practice Guidance for Defra Project CTX0907. 12 pp. 

Trade journal and newsletter articles

Savill, P., Wilson, S., Mason, B., Jinks, J., Stokes, V., Christian, T. (In press) Alternative spruces to Sitka and Norway. Quarterly Journal of Forestry. January 2017 Issue.

Stokes, V., Martin, S. 2016. Taking the long-view: using past research experiments to guide future forestry.  Forestry and Timber News, February 2016 Issue, p12-13.

Stokes, V., Martin, P. 2015. Exploring the potential of short rotation forestry in Scotland. Forestry and Timber News, June 2015, pp 16-17.

Stokes, V., Kerr, G. 2010. The evidence supporting the use of CCF in adapting forests to the risks of climate change.  Forestry and Timber News, December 2010, 14-17.

Stokes, V., Kerr, G. 2010. Undercover for climate change. Chartered Forester, Spring 2010, 14-15.