Title: Carbon fluxes and greenhouse gas emmissions from UK peatlands
Authors: Fred Worrall et al
Review of current evidence: JNCC report 442 (PDF)
Programme to address evidence gaps: JNCC report 443 (PDF)
The review considers the current evidence on fluxes of carbon (C) and greenhouse gases (GHG) from UK peatlands, including managed peatlands, and was able to consider the following land uses: semi-natural; drained; drain-blocked; burnt; grazed; forested; bare and revegetated peatlands; cutover and restored; cut or mowed peatlands; and converted to agriculture.
The review takes two approaches in order to understand the carbon and GHG, firstly a Bayesian meta-analysis approach is used in order to combine studies; predict the probability that a management will result in an improvement in the C or GHG budget; and calculate and equivalent number of complete C and GHG budgets that the reviewed literature represents. The second approach is to use results from computer modelling in order to construct significant linear models for a range of peatland settings.
The programme report provides the proposed structure for a measurement programme, which is intended to quantify the carbon (C) and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) fluxes to and from UK peatlands, incorporating the range of major UK peatland types, and to determine the extent to which these are influenced by management. The measurements obtained would be intended to provide the basis for the development of robust emission factors (EFs) appropriate to UK peatlands, suitable for GHG reporting, emissions trading and the optimisation of peatland management.
Date: February 2006
Title: A Review of the Potential Impacts of Short Rotation Forestry
Author: Pat Hardcastle
Full report: PDF
This study was commissioned by the Forestry Commission and DEFRA in the light of the increasing interest in Short Rotation Forestry (SRF). The overall aim was to provide a preliminary overview of the potential impacts of SRF on biodiversity, soils, hydrology and landscape in order to inform policy and strategy and provide reference for planning research. There was also concern over possible pest and disease issues.