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Forest cycle

Designing a woodland

Before planting a forest a forester usually get together with a landscape design forester to decide the reasons for planting the trees.
Forests are generally designed with multiuse objectives such as timber, recreation use and support wildlife.
Different trees prefer different soil, shelter, have different timber products

In the tree nursery

nurseryTree seeds are collected in the autumn.  Different trees will produce heavy seeds years such as the oak, which produces seed every four years.
Once collected the tree seeds are stratified
The trees seeds are planted in the nursery protected from frost, mice or birds.
Generally the trees stay in the nursery for 3 years.

 Tree planting

plantingBefore planting can occur the forest needs to design the woodland.
Before the trees can be planted the ground has to be prepared to help the trees grow.
Mounds of soil are created using a digger, ploughed or the ground could be scarified.
Sometimes a deer and or rabbit fence is make sure the trees do not get eaten by these animals Tree planting occurs from November to April. An experienced tree planter can plant up to 1200 conifer trees a day


thinningMost conifers are thinned when they are about 25 - 30 years old. This depends on the growing conditions
Thinning creates more space between the remaining trees so that they grow thicker and stronger
Thinnings are used for making paper plup or boards
The forest is thinned again about every 5 - 7 years

Harvesting or Cutting down the trees

When conifers are 50 - 70 years old the trees are cut down as they do not grow much more.  
Harwoodwood forests are left for 100 - 150 years. (See Forest Equipment and Machines)