|Description||Saito challenges the philosophical arguments used to support the view that scientific knowledge of the nature is an essential part of an appropriate aesthetic appreciation.|
|Methodology||This paper uses philosophical argument to take issue with the concept of an appropriate appreciation of nature adopted by Carlson (1981). Carlson claims that there is a similarity between the aesthetic appreciation of art and nature. "According to him, just as some appreciations of art are aesthetically more appropriate than others, so there are more or less aesthetically proper interpretations of natural objects" (p. 37).|
Saito draws distinction between aesthetic and ethical judgements:
However she does accept that aesthetic judgement is influenced by prior nonaesthetic judgement concerning the value of nature. She suggests that aesthetic arguments can be used to support the ecological cause.
|Published||Journal of Aesthetic Education 18 (4): 35-46|
|Publisher||Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois|
|Keywords||environmental aesthetics; aesthetic appreciation of nature; environmental ethics.|
This article contributes to the philosophical debate that surrounds the idea that certain aesthetic responses to nature are inappropriate because they are not based on scientific knowledge of the natural environment. This point is also discussed in Foster (1991). Saito accepts that ethical considerations may influence aesthetic judgements. She also supports the use of scientific knowledge to increase our understanding and perception of the natural world. She does not consider that ethical considerations should be used to define an appropriate aesthetic response.
The issues raised in this discourse on the difference between aesthetic judgement and appreciation supplement Zube's (1982, p.20-25) discussion on the need to find a theoretical, structural framework to determine what me mean by aesthetic appreciation.
|References||Carlson, A. (1981). Nature, Aesthetic Judgement, and Objectivity. Journal of Aesthetics and Criticism. 40: 15-27.|
Foster, C. A. (1991) Aesthetics and the Natural Environment unpublished PhD. Thesis University of Edinburgh
Zube, E.H., Sell, J.L. and Taylor, J.G. (1982), Landscape Perception: Research, Application and Theory. Landscape Planning, 9: 1-33