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34. Emotion and the Environment

DescriptionThe authors discuss the emotional relationship between people and the environment. They are convinced that the key to understanding the human relationship to landscape is emotion.
MethodologyFrom a discussion of emotion, touching on conceptual and measurement issues, Russell and Snodgrass propose a framework for understanding how behaviour is organised in space and time. They use this framework to highlight different aspects of emotion by charting the sequence of actions involved in a person's interaction with a large-scale environment. Attention is focused on the emotion experienced at each step, as well as the potential after-effects.
ResultsThe article provides a context in which to discuss emotion and the environment and describes, in detail, a specific approach to environmental research. The authors conclude with suggestions for future research topics.
PublishedD Stokols and I. Altman (eds.) Handbook of environmental psychology. Ch 8, pp. 245-281,
AuthorsRussell, J. A. and Snodgrass, J.
PublisherNew York: Wiley (out of print)
Price170 (Hardback)
Keywordsenvironmental psychology, emotion and environment, affective appraisals, environment and behaviour, environment and cognition.
CommentsThis article has become a classic reference and provides a step-by-step introduction to the study of emotion and environment. It summaries theoretical and methodological studies and reviews empirical research in this field providing a clear definition of all the terms used. It explains the use of the 'circumplex model of affect' and Berlyne's concept of 'collative properties', for example, and provides a context in which to review methodological developments.