Forest roads are built to provide access to the forest for general management purposes and for the transport of timber to the market. The building of forest roads involves heavy capital expenditure and, in addition, there is a continuing charge for road maintenance. Against this, the actual cost of movement along roads is less, distance for distance, than the costs of movement across country. Therefore forest road planning is essentially concerned with determining the combination of on-road and off-road transport systems that is most cost effective.
178 x 241mm | 33 pages | black and white