Forestry Commission logo

Forestry Statistics 2016 - Woodland Areas and Planting

Woodland Area

previous | next  

The area of woodland in the UK at 31 March 2016 is estimated to be 3.16 million hectares (Table 1.1). Of this total, 1.4 million hectares (45%) is in Scotland, 1.3 million hectares (41%) is in England, 0.3 million hectares (10%) is in Wales and 0.1 million hectares (4%) is in Northern Ireland.

Conifers account for around one half (51%) of the UK woodland area, although this proportion varies from around one quarter (26%) in England to around three quarters (74%) in Scotland.

Table 1.1 Area of woodland by ownership & forest type at 31 March 2016

Forest type and ownership 1,2

England

Wales

Scotland

Northern
Ireland

        UK

thousand hectares

Conifers

 

 

 

 

 

          FC/NRW/FS woodland

151

98

431

56

735

          Private sector woodland

189

53

628

11

880

            Total

340

150

1 059

66

1 615

Broadleaves5

 

 

 

 

 

          FC/NRW/FS woodland

64 19 40 7 129

          Private sector woodland

903 136 337 39 1 416

            Total

966 156 377 46 1 545

Total

 

 

 

 

 

          FC/NRW/FS woodland

215 117 471 62 864

          Private sector woodland

1 091 189 965 50 2 296

            Total

1 306 306 1 436 112 3 160

Source: Forestry Commission, Natural Resources Wales, Forest Service, National Forest Inventory.

Notes:

1. FC: Forestry Commission (England and Scotland), NRW: Natural Resources Wales, FS: Forest Service (Northern Ireland). NRW estimates only relate to woodland formerly owned/managed by FC Wales.

2. Private sector: all other woodland. Includes woodland previously owned/managed by the Countryside Council for Wales and the Environment Agency in Wales, other publicly owned woodland (e.g. owned by local authorities) and privately owned woodland.

3. Figures for England, Wales and Scotland are based on data obtained from the National Forest Inventory (NFI) and adjusted for new planting, but at present no adjustment is made for woodland recently converted to another land use. Further information on how the figures have been estimated is available in the Sources chapter.

4. Figures for Northern Ireland are obtained from the Northern Ireland Woodland Register.

5. Broadleaves include coppice and coppice with standards.

Links to Forestry Statistics 2016