Forestry Statistics 2012 - Woodland Areas and Planting

National Inventory of Woodland and Trees

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The 1995-99 National Inventory of Woodland and Trees reported that over one half (53%) of the total woodland area in Great Britain is made up of conifers although this proportion ranges from 31% in England to 72% in Scotland (Table 1.7).

Sitka spruce accounted for almost one half (49%) of the conifer area in Great Britain, followed by Scots pine (16%) and Lodgepole pine (10%). Among broadleaf species, Oak covered 23% of the broadleaf area, followed by Birch (16%) and Ash (13%).

Table 1.7 Area of woodland in GB by main tree species

Species

England

  Wales

Scotland

        GB

thousand hectares

Conifers

       

       Scots pine

82

5

140

227

       Corsican pine

41

3

2

47

       Lodgepole pine

7

6

122

135

       Sitka spruce

80

84

528

692

       Norway spruce

32

11

35

79

       European larch

14 1 9 23

       Japanese/hybrid larch

33 22 56 111

       Douglas fir

24 11 10 45

       Other conifer

19 6 5 30

       Mixed conifer

9 0 8 18

       Total Conifers

340

149

916

1 406

Broadleaves

       

       Oak

159 43 21 223

       Beech

64 9 10 83

       Sycamore

49 7 11 67

       Ash

105 19 5 129

       Birch

70 13 78 160

       Poplar

11 1 0 12

       Sweet chestnut

12 1 0 12

       Elm

4 0 1 5

       Other broadleaves

84 18 18 120

       Mixed broadleaves

91 8 62 160

       Total broadleaves

648 118 206 971

Total - all species

988 266 1 123 2 377

       Felled

15 9 23 47

       Coppice1

22 0 1 24

       Open space2

72 11 134 217

Total woodland

1 097

287

1 281

2 665

Source: 1995-99 National Inventory of Woodland and Trees.

Notes:

1. Coppice includes coppice with standards.

2. Areas of integral open space, each less than 1 hectare.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

Figure 1.3 Main tree species in GB

Figure 1.3 Main tree species in Great Britain

Source: 1995-99 National Inventory of Woodland and Trees.

These figures are outside the scope of National Statistics

Links to Forestry Statistics 2012