Forestry Statistics 2012 - Trade

Origin of wood imports

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Sawn softwood, particleboard, fibreboard, and paper and paperboard are overwhelmingly imported from EU countries (Table 3.8):

  • Sweden (46%), Latvia (14%) and Finland (13%) provided the majority of imports of sawn softwood to the UK in 2011
  • Most particleboard imports to the UK in 2011 came from Germany (26%), Ireland (24%) and France (22%).
  • Ireland (36%), Germany (22%) and Spain (11%) were the principal sources of fibreboard imports.
  • Most paper and paperboard imports came from Germany (19%), Sweden (17%) and Finland (15%).

Sawn hardwood and wood pulp imports originate from a range of both EU and non-EU countries:

  • The USA (25%) were the largest single source of sawn hardwood imports to the UK.
  • Brazil (33%), the USA (16%) and Sweden (10%) were among the principal sources of wood pulp.

The vast majority of UK imports of plywood came from countries outwith the EU, such as China (39%), Brazil (13%) and Malaysia (10%), while Finland (13%) accounted for the majority of EU trade. 

Table 3.8 Country of origin of wood imports to the UK, 2011

Source

Sawn softwood

Sawn hardwood

Plywood

Particle-board

Fibre-board

Wood
pulp

Paper and
paperboard

per cent of total UK imports (volume) in each category

Sweden

46

0

0

0

0

10 17

Finland

13

0

13

0

1

7 15

Germany

6

6

1

26

22

0 19

France

0

9

1

22

1

0 9

Belgium

1

2

0

7

6

1 2

Spain

0 1 1 3 11 2 3

Ireland

6 4 0 24 36 0 1

Latvia

14 7 2 1 4 0 0

Other EU-27

4 19 2 15 14 13 14

Total EU-27

91 47 20 100 96 34 80

China 

0 1 39 0 2 0 2

USA

0 25 0 0 1 16 3

Brazil

0 0 13 0 0 33 2

Russia

6 0 6 0 0 0 1

Malaysia

0 5 10 0 0 0 0

Cameroon

0 9 0 0 0 0 0

Other non-EU

3 11 11 0 1 17 11

Total non-EU

9

53

80

0

4

66 20

Source: UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs), industry associations.


Figure 3.2 shows the main sources of imports of sawn hardwood to the UK since 1962.

Figure 3.2 Country of origin of sawn softwood imports to the UK, 1962-2011

Figure 3.2 Country of origin of sawn softwood imports to the UK, 1962-2011

Source: FAO, UK overseas trade statistics (HM Revenue & Customs), industry associations.

Links to Forestry Statistics 2012