Forestry Statistics 2009 - International Forestry

Annual changes in forest area

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The global forest area reduced by around 8.9 million hectares (0.2%) per year between 1990 and 2000 and by around 7.3 million hectares (0.2%) per year between 2000 and 2005.

The forest area has reduced in most regions since 1990, except for Europe (where the area increased on average) and in Asia (where the area reduced between 1990 and 2000 but has increased between 2000 and 2005).

Table 9.2 Annual changes in forest area by region, 1990-2005

Region

1990-2000

2000-2005

(thousand ha)

     (%)

(thousand ha)

     (%)

Europe

     UK

18

0.70

10

0.40

     EU-271

748

0.52

6960.46

Total Europe

8770.096610.07

Africa

-4 375-0.64-4 040-0.62

Asia

-792-0.141 0030.18

North and Central America

-328-0.05-333-0.05

Oceania

-448-0.21-356-0.17

South America

-3 802-0.44-4 251-0.50

World

-8 868-0.22-7 317-0.18

Not National Statistics.

Source: FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005.

Notes:

1. Cyprus is included in EU-27 total but is part of FAO's Asia region.

The largest decreases in forest areas between 2000 and 2005 occurred in Brazil (an average annual reduction of 3.1 million hectares per year) and Indonesia (1.9 million hectare loss per year on average). The largest increase in forest area between 2000 and 2005 occurred in China (an additional 4.1 million hectares per year on average).

Figure 9.3 Countries with largest changes in forest area, 2000-2005

Figure 9.3 Countries with largest changes in forest area, 2000-2005

Not National Statistics.

Source: FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment 2005.

Notes:

1. Countries with changes of at least 0.4 million hectares per year only.

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