ClimateXChange (CXC)

CXC logo 


Forest Research is working with ClimateXChange, a Scottish Government funded Centre of Expertise in a collaboration between Scotland’s leading research providers, sector stakeholders and policy teams. ClimateXChange works to provide timely, objective and independent research, evidence and expert advice to support the Scottish Government as it develops and implements policies on adapting to the changing climate and the transition to a low carbon society. Our contribution aims to support forestry in Scotland become more resilient to climate change and to deliver Scotland’s emissions reduction targets.

Research objectives

Adapting to Climate Change

  • Bringing together practitioners, researchers and policy makers to explore current barriers to climate change adaptation and to work towards achievable solutions.
  • Showcasing real-life examples of best practice and innovation through demonstration sites, case studies, workshops and resources.
  • Facilitating knowledge exchange within the sector.


  • What is the GHG mitigation benefit from different types of woodland expansion in Scotland?
  • Where, what type, and how can woodland expansion contribute to GHG mitigation?
  • What changes in soil carbon stocks occur as a result of land use change to woodland?
  • What are the financial implications of farm woodland creation for representative farm types, and what type of incentives are required?
  • Is agro-forestry (silvo-pastoral systems) a viable option to address the mitigation agenda?

Reducing Risk

Forest Research and ClimateXChange are supporting a PhD student at Dundee University researching the contribution of forests to improving slope stability.

We also support the call-down service for short term policy driven research. 

Results so far


The first phase of the ClimateXChange project ran from 2010 to 2015. The second phase has been approved for 2016-2021.


Dr. Bruce Nicoll

Dr. James Morison

Funders and partners

The Scottish Government

ClimateXChange is funded by the Scottish Government.

Our collaborators on ClimateXChange include:

  • Forest Research
  • Heriot-Watt University
  • James Hutton Institute
  • Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
  • SRUC
  • University of Aberdeen
  • University of Dundee
  • University of Edinburgh
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Strathclyde

Forestry Commission policy

Forestry Commission Scotland is committed to supporting the Scottish Government meet Scotland’s emissions reduction targets through the contribution of Scotland’s forests; and in making Scotland and Scotland’s forests more resilient to the impacts of climate change.

UK Forest Standard Guidelines on Forests and Climate Change

Forestry Commission Scotland Climate Change Policies and Actions