Projected changes in warmth and droughtiness of Scotland's climate

Summary

Climate scenarios published by UKCIP (2002) have been used to calculate climatic indices of climatic warmth and wetness for the future 30-year climatic periods centered on the years 2050 and 2080, for the low and high emissions scenarios.

The maps below show changes for the low and high UKCIP02 emissions scenarios. These maps represent the upper and lower range of UKCIP02 climate projections for Scotland's climate.

Climatic warmth

A convenient measure of warmth representing the potential for plant growth, is given by an index called accumulated temperature (AT). AT is the number of day.degrees over 50C for the growing season (February to October inclusive).

The AT maps below show that by 2080 AT might increase by up to 30% in parts of Scotland in a high emissions scenario, and by 15-20% for a low emissions sceanrio. In 2080 if the high emission scenario projections occur, Caithness may have a warmer growing season, perhaps similar to East Lothian in the baseline climate. 

Accumulated temperature (AT) maps for Scotland showing baseline climate 1961 to 1990 and low emmission projections for 2050 and 2080
Low emissions scenario projections
Accumulated temperature (AT) maps for Scotland showing baseline climate 1961 to 1990 and high emmission projections for 2050 and 2080
High emissions scenario projections

Climatic wetness

This index is a moisture deficit (MD), which compares the accumulated excess of monthly evaporation over monthly rainfall for the summer months. The annual maximum accumulated excess (the annual maximum MD) is averaged over the 30-year climate period, to provide a climatic average of the rainfall excess or droughtiness of the climate during the summer months.

The MD maps below show that changes in the regional and seasonal distribution of rainfall suggest the onset of bigger moisture deficits in eastern Scotland. Mean maximum MDs may increase from about 140mm in eastern Scotland to over 200 mm in a high emissions scenario.

Moisture deficit (MD) maps for Scotland showing baseline climate 1961 to 1990 and low emmission projections for 2050 and 2080
Low emissions scenario projections
Moisture deficit (MD) maps for Scotland showing baseline climate 1961 to 1990 and high emmission projections for 2050 and 2080
High emissions scenario projections