Publications on the social, economic, cultural and recreational value of trees and woodlands

Front coverAccessibility of woodlands and natural spaces (PDF-1406K)

Addressing crime and safety issues. Report of a seminar organised by Forest Research supported by Lancashire Constabulary, CABE Space and English Nature.

By Liz O'Brien & Paul Tabbush.

For a hardcopy of "Accessibility of Woodlands and Natural Spaces" (price £7) contact Joanne Davies.


Front coverThe economic and social contribution of forestry for people in Scotland - Final report (PDF-2980K)

Final report of the research project aiming to provide a comprehensive valuation of the current social and economic benefits of Scottish forestry, forests and woodlands derived by the people of Scotland.

By David Edwards, Anna Elliott , Max Hislop, Suzanne Martin, Jake Morris, Liz O’Brien, Andrew Peace, Vadims Sarajevs, Maud Serrand and Gregory Valatin.

Forestry Commission Research Report 101.


Front coverThe economic and social contribution of forestry for people in Scotland - Summary report (PDF-404K)

Results of a research project aiming to provide a comprehensive valuation of the current social and economic benefits of Scottish forestry, forests and woodlands derived by the people of Scotland.

By David Edwards, Jake Morris, Liz O’Brien, Vadims Sarajevs and Gregory Valatin.

Forestry Commission Research Note 102.


Front coverEconomic benefits of greenspace (PDF-1516K)

A substantial body of literature, including government policies, acknowledges the important role of greenspace in sustainable development and the creation of attractive and economically vibrant communities. Greenspace refers to the natural environmental components (green and blue spaces) that lie within and between a region’s cities, towns and villages. This report provides a critical review focusing on the most recent evidence (years 2000-2011), of the net economic benefits, both direct and indirect, of initiatives to create or improve greenspace. The report also highlights gaps in research providing robust estimates of net economic benefits.

By Vadim Saraev.

Forestry Commission Research Report 21.


Front coverEquality and inclusion of social diversity with respect to woods and forests in the UK: An evidence review (PDF-710K)

Research report summarising the available evidence of the impact of trees, woods and forests on different sections of British society.

By Bianca Ambrose-Oji.


Front coverThe Forestry Commission public forest estate in England: Social use, value and expectations (PDF-2654K)

Final report from study to provide evidence of the public value of the Forestry Commission Public Forest Estate in England and establish whether people have different perceptions and expectations of publicly owned forests compared to those in other forms of ownership.

By Claudia Carter, Anna Lawrence, Rebecca Lovell and Liz O’Brien.


Front coverThe Forestry Commission public forest estate in England: Social use, value and expectations (PDF-206K)

Summary report of study to provide evidence of the public value of the Forestry Commission Public Forest Estate in England and establish whether people have different perceptions and expectations of publicly owned forests compared to those in other forms of ownership.

By Anna Lawrence and Claudia Carter.


Front coverForests and carbon: a review of additionality (PDF-559K)

Review helping to clarify the concept of additionality, and provide an overview of how it is currently applied in both compliance and voluntary carbon markets, including tests used and underlying evidence base requirements. It provides background for considering how the additionality principle might be interpreted and applied in establishing standards for woodland climate change mitigation projects in the UK, including in developing an industry Code of Good Practice.

By Gregory Valatin.

Forestry Commission Research Report 13.


Front coverForests and carbon: valuation, discounting and risk management (PDF-1168K)

Reviewing methods to value carbon over time, examining approaches for dealing with risk and considering approaches that could be used in extending standards to forestry more generally in voluntary carbon markets in the UK.

By Gregory Valatin.

Forestry Commission Research Report 12.


Front coverGrowing places (PDF-1319K)

A study of social change in The National Forest

By Jake Morris and John Urry.

A Lancaster University Research Project with the National Forest Company and the Forestry Commission.


Front coverHealth benefits of street trees (PDF-402K)

Review of recent evidence of health benefits provided by street trees with special attention given to the economic estimates of such benefits.

By Vadims Sarajevs.


Front coverLeisure landscapes (PDF-1450K)

Exploring the role of forestry in tourism

By Suzanne Martin.


Front coverOffenders and nature - Policy into practice (PDF-302K)

Employment for ex-offenders: an innovative approach

By Claudia Carter.


Payments for ecosystems services (PDF-1076K)

Ecosystem services have traditionally been regarded as ‘free goods’ and there is a lack of incentives to protect them. Payments for Ecosystem Services attempt to rectify this, often through market mechanisms. The use of these schemes has become more widespread particularly in the USA and some developing countries.

By Gregory Valatin (Forest Research) and Jenna Coull (Forestry Commission).

Payments for Ecosystems Services - policy summary (PDF-910K)


Front coverPublic access to woodlands and forests (PDF-1530K)

A review of existing literature on public access.

By By Star Molteno, Jake Morris and Liz O'Brien.


Front coverThe social and cultural values, and governance, of street trees (PDF-685K)

Climate change and street trees project - Social Research Report.

Understanding the social and cultural values associated with street trees in the urban environment and the governance context in which decisions about their management are made.

By Norman Dandy.


Front coverSocial benefits from the Forestry Commission public forest Estate in England: Review of current evidence (PDF-933K)

A review of the Forestry Commission's estate in England as part of a study to show how the estate contributes to society today and how it might sustainably serve society's long-term needs.

By Anna Lawrence, Claudia Carter, Liz O’Brien and Rebecca Lovell.


Front coverA sort of magical place (PDF-2525K)

People's experiences of woodlands in northwest and southeast England.

By Liz O'Brien.

For a hardcopy of "A Sort of Magical Place" (price £10) contact Joanne Davies.


Publication coverStreet tree valuation systems (PDF-468K)

Street trees and urban woodlands provide a number of environmental and social benefits, including contributing to climate change adaptation and mitigation and providing urban green space. This Note presents the results of a review of three approaches to estimating the amenity value of street trees: CAVAT, Helliwell and i-Tree.

By Vadims Sarajevs.

Forestry Commission Research Note 8.


Cover of reportTanau Gwyllt yng Nghymru - Crynodeb Gweithredol (PDF-1177K)

(Wildfires in Wales - Executive Summary).

Summary of this project that sought to characterise and understand the problem of wildfires in the South Wales Valleys region and to offer recommendations for appropriate management and policy responses.

By Matthew Jollands, Jake Morris and Andy Moffat.


Front coverTreeGeneration: A review of the urban forestry pilot project for North East Wales (PDF-671K)

Review of pilot project promoting a substantial increase in the planting of new trees and woodlands in urban environments in counties of Wrexham and Flintshire to determine the potential for a national urban forestry initiative for Wales.


Front coverUnderstanding private landmanager decision-making: A framework for forestry (PDF-1120K)

This report synthesises substantial research relating to private land-management, including previous work by Forest Research. Drawing on both primary and secondary sources, it describes a Framework within which to understand the influences upon land-manager decision-making.

By Norman Dandy.


Cover of reportWildfires in Wales - Executive Summary (PDF-1209K)

Executive summary of this project that sought to characterise and understand the problem of wildfires in the South Wales Valleys region and to offer recommendations for appropriate management and policy responses.

By Matthew Jollands, Jake Morris and Andy Moffat.


Front coverWildfires in Wales - Final Report (PDF-2391K)

Final report from this project that sought to characterise and understand the problem of wildfires in the South Wales Valleys region and to offer recommendations for appropriate management and policy responses. May 2011.

By Matthew Jollands, Jake Morris and Andy Moffat.


Front coverWild harvests from Scottish woodlands (PDF-498K)

Social, cultural and economic values of contemporary non-timber forest products

Documenting social, cultural, economic and environmental characteristics of current non-timber forest product gatherer practices and perceptions and exploring their implications for forest policy and management.

By Marla Emery, Suzanne Martin and Alison Dyke.


Woodfuel - social and economic dimensions

Series of reports and presentations from research to understand the challenges of using trees, woods and forests in an effective woodfuel sector, how and why private woodlands owners produce woodfuel, what forms of partnerships are appropriate and the role of local communities.


Woodland owners' attitudes to public access provision in South-East England (PDF-500K)

By Andrew Church, Neil Ravenscroft and Gill Rogers.

Forestry Commission Information Note 74.


Front coverWoodland-related social enterprise: enabling factors and barriers to success (PDF-971K)

Report from project to examine the barriers and challenges facing different types and models of woodland-related social enterprise and to investigate the critical enabling factors affecting them.

By Amy Stewart (July 2011).

See also Executive summary (PDF-337K)

Publication coverWoods and forests in British society: progress in research and practice (PDF-2066K)

By Bianca Ambrose-Oji and Karen Fancett (Eds.).

Papers presented at the Trees and Forests in British society conference in April 2010.

Forest Research Monograph: 3
ISBN 978-0-85538-828-7