Publications on soil and water

Flooding, wood and water bibliography


Opportunity mapping- Woodland for water summaries & reports


Front coverEnvironmental effects of stump and root harvesting (PDF-1244K)

A synthesis of available evidence on the effects of stump harvesting, drawn from largely overseas sources but critically considered for their applicability to British conditions.

By Andy Moffat, Tom Nisbet and Bruce Nicoll.

Forestry Commission Research Note 9.


Publication coverForest and soil guidelines

One of a series of seven Guidelines that support The UK Forestry Standard (UKFS). The UKFS and Guidelines outline the context for forestry in the UK, set out the approach of the UK governments to sustainable forest management, define standards and requirements and provide a basis for regulation and monitoring.


Publication coverForests and water guidelines

One of a series of seven Guidelines that support The UK Forestry Standard (UKFS). The UKFS and Guidelines outline the context for forestry in the UK, set out the approach of the UK governments to sustainable forest management, define standards and requirements and provide a basis for regulation and monitoring.


Publication coverGuidance on site selection for brash removal (PDF-1078K)

By Tom Nisbet.

Considers site selection for brash removal in upland conifer forests, with a focus on Sitka spruce stands.


Publication coverGuide to using woodland for sediment control (PDF-2138K)

This guide describes the catchment approach that is being developed by a partnership of organisations in Cumbria in northwest England to control sediment inputs to Bassenthwaite Lake. It sets out the steps taken to identify the main sources of sediment and explores how woodland could help to alleviate the problem.

By: By Tom Nisbet, Samantha Broadmeadow (Forest Research) and Harriet Orr (Lancaster University)

Further details about this "Guide to using woodland for sediment control"


Publication coverHow extensive are the impacts of nitrogen pollution in Great Britain's forests? (PDF-442K)

Protecting our forests from pollutant deposition is and has been a topical issue for some time. Nitrogen, as well as being an essential nutrient for trees, is one of the most important of these pollutants. This article discusses the extent and severity of the issues associated with nitrogen pollution in our forests.

By Fiona Kennedy.

Article in Forest Research Annual Report 2001/2.


Front coverModelling the long-term response of stream water chemistry to atmospheric pollution and forestry practices in Galloway, SW Scotland (PDF-4144K)

Report assessing the long term role of forestry in relation to the acidification and recovery of soil and surface water. It targets some of the most acid impacted head waters in the Galloway region of southwest Scotland, including three sub-catchments in the Black Water of Dee (Dargall Lane, Green Burn and Cuttie Shallow); Cardoon Burn in the Big Water of Fleet and Waterside on the River Bladnoch.

By Rachel Helliwell, James Sample and Leah Jackson-Blake (The James Hutton Institute), Julian Aherne and George MacDougall (Environmental and Resource Studies, Trent University), Tom Nisbet and Samantha Broadmeadow (Forest Research), Ross Doughty (SEPA SW Region) and, Iain Malcolm (Marine Scotland, Freshwater Laboratory).

September 2011.


Publication coverOpportunity mapping for trees and floods (PDF-1847K)

By Samantha Broadmeadow and Tom Nisbet.

Research Report to Parrett Catchment Project, Wet Woodland Group, December 2003.


Front coverOpportunity mapping for woodland creation to meet the objectives of the Water Framework Directive (PDF-1411K)

Map-based case study to assess how woodland creation could be better targeted within catchments to locations where it would contribute most to maximising water and other benefits, while minimising risks.

By Samantha Broadmeadow, Tom Nisbet, Martyn Silgram & Katrina Morrow.

Final report to the Environment Agency and Forestry Commission England, May 2009.


Publication coverOpportunity mapping for woodland creation to reduce diffuse sediment and phosphate pollution in the Lake District (PDF-4969K)

By Samantha Broadmeadow and Tom Nisbet.

Research Report July 2010.


Publication coverOpportunity mapping for woodland to reduce flooding in the River Derwent, Cumbria (PDF-4193K)

By Samantha Broadmeadow and Tom Nisbet.

Research report to Forestry Commission England, March 2009.


Publication coverOpportunity mapping for woodland to reduce flooding in the Yorkshire and the Humber region (PDF-6947K)

By Samantha Broadmeadow and Tom Nisbet.

Research report to Forestry Commission England, March 2009.

Forest Research Monograph: 1
ISBN 978-0-85538-822-5


Restoring floodplain woodland for flood alleviation (PDF-1974K)

By Tom Nisbet and Huw Thomas.

Final Report for Defra Project SLD2316 - a study designed to evaluate and demonstrate the contribution of floodplain woodland to flood alleviation.


Front coverA strategic assessment of the afforested peat resource in Wales

This report assesses the distribution of the Welsh peatlands, gives an overview of the likely impacts of peat forming factors and afforested peatland restoration, develops national and field based assessment schemes for the assessment of afforested peatland in Wales viable for restoration, carries out a national GIS assessment identifying potential restoration areas in Wales, tests the field-based assessment by ground truthing a number of sites in Wales and provides relative costs of afforested peat restoration.

By Elena Vanguelova, Samantha Broadmeadow, Russell Anderson, Sirwan Yamulki, Tim Randle, Tom Nisbet and James Morison.


Publication coverStump harvesting: interim guidance on site selection and good practice (PDF-905K)

Guidance to assist the forest industry in identifying sites where stumps may be harvested without compromising long-term sustainability, and on any environmental safeguards that must be applied.


Publication coverTerrestrial Umbrella: Eutrophication and acidification of terrestrial ecosystems - Final report (PDF-636K)

The principal roles of Forest Research in this Defra programme were to provide expert advice and to deliver a range of site specific environmental, soil and vegetation-related parameters and data-sets required for the evaluation of the Critical Loads calculation methodology. This evaluation includes the testing and calibration of process-based dynamic models of soil chemistry.

By Mark Broadmeadow, Fiona Kennedy, Elena Vanguelova, Samantha Broadmeadow, Rona Pitman, Peter Crow and Matthew Griffiths.


Use of sewage sludges and composts in forestry (PDF-181K)

By Andy Moffat.

Forestry Commission Information Note 79.


Water use by trees (PDF-1110K)

By Tom Nisbet.

Forestry Commission Information Note 65.


Front coverWoodland for Water: Woodland measures for meeting Water Framework Directive objectives (PDF-1912K)

This report considers the key issues relating to woodland and the Water Framework Directive (WFD) in England and Wales, but has application to Scotland and Northern Ireland.

By Tom Nisbet, Martyn Silgram, Nadeem Shah, Katrina Morrow & Samantha Broadmeadow.

Forest Research Monograph: 4
ISBN 978-0-85538-830-0


Potential for woodland restoration above the A83 in Glen Croe to reduce the incidence of water erosion and debris flows(PDF-976K)

By Bill Rayner and Bruce Nicoll

This assessment was instigated by Forestry Commission Scotland, with the aim of appraising the suitability of the hill watershed directly above the A83 at the ‘Rest and Be Thankful’ in Glen Croe for tree planting and the potential for the trees and shrubs to reduce the incidence of debris flows onto the A83.