Compression Wood literature review - references

Andersson, F. and Walter F. (1995) Classification of compression wood using digital image analysis, For. Prod. J. 45(11/12):87-92.

Anon (1997) Nordic Timber 2nd edition, ISBN 91-7322-227-5

Burdon, R. (1975) Compression wood in Pinus radiata clones on four different sites. NZ J For Sci 5:152-164

Evans, R. and Ilic, J. (2001) Rapid prediction of wood stiffness from microfibril angle and density., For. Prod. J. 51(3) 53-57.

Gjerdrum, P., Warensjö, M. and Nylinder, M. (2001) Classification of crook types for unbarked Norway spruce sawlogs by means of a 3D log scanner, Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 59:374-379.

Grace, L.A. (1993a) Using optical log scanners to determine log properties. Initial results from SCA´s Munksund sawmill. The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products. Report no 232. Uppsala

Grace, L.A. (1993b) Exploring the potential of using optical log scanners for predicting lumber grade. For. Prod. J. 43(10) 45-50.

Hagman, O. (1997) Multivariate prediction of surface features using an imaging spectrograph. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 55:377-382

Harris, J. (1977) Shrinkage and density of radiata pine compression wood in relation to its anatomy and mode of formation. NZ R For Sci 7:91-106

Hartig, R. (1901) Holzuntersuchungen. Altes und Neues. Julius Springer, Berlin, 99pp

Johansson, J. (1999) Property predictions of wood using microwaves. Licentiate thesis 2001:35, Luleå University of Technology.

Low, A. (1964) A study of compression wood in Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) Forestry 37:179-201

Lundgren, C. (2000) Predicting log type and knot size using external log shape data from a 3D log scanner, Scand. J. For. Res. 15:119-126

Mer, É. (1887) De la formation du bois rouge dans le sapin et l’épicea. CR Acad Sci Paris 104:376-378

Moore, T. and Yorston, F. (1945) Wood properties in relation to sulphite pulping. Pulp Pap Mag Can 46(3):161-164

Nichols, J. (1982) Wind action, leaning trees and compression wood in Pinus radiata. D Don. Aust For Res 12:75-91

Nystrom, J. and Hagman, O. (1999) Real-time spectral classification of compression wood in Picea abies. Journal of Wood Sci 45:30-37

Nyström, J. (1999) Image based methods for nondestructive detection of compression wood in sawn timber, Licentiate thesis 1999:34, Luleå University of Technology.

Ohman, M. (2001) The measurement of compression wood and other wood features and the prediction of their impact on wood products, Doctoral thesis 2001:42, Luleå University of Technology.

Perem, E. (1958) The effect of compression wood on the mechanical properties of white spruce and red pine. For Prod J 8:235-240

Perem, E. (1960) The effect of compression wood on the mechanical properties of white spruce and red pine. For Prod Lab Ottawa Can Tech Note 13,22pp

Pillow, M. and Luxford, R. (1937) Structure, occurrence and properties of compression wood. US Dep Agr Tech Bull 546, 32pp

Pillow, M. (1941) A new method for detecting compression wood. J For 39:385-387

Polge, H. (1966) Établissement des courbes de variation de la densité du bois par exploration densitrométrique de radiographies d'échantillons prélevés à la tarière sur les arbres vivants. Ann Sci For 23:1-206

Shelbourne, C. (1966) Studies on the inheritance and relationships of bole straightness and compression wood in southern pines. Ph D Thesis, NC State Univ, Raleigh, 274pp

Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry, New York (1955), (1959) Compression wood in pulpwood. Standard method T20-m-59. Tappi 38(1):174A-176A. 42(2):144A-145A

Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry, Atlanta (1972) Compression wood identification in pulpwood. Proposed reversion of T20-m-59 as standard. Tappi 55:1119-1121

Timell, T. (1986) Compression wood in gymnosperms Vol. 1.New York. Springer-Verlag.

Timell, T. (1986) Compression wood in gymnosperms Vol. 2.New York. Springer-Verlag.

Trendelenburg, R. (1932) Über die Eigenschaften des Rot- oder Druckholzes der Fichte. Allg Forst- und Jagdzeitung 108:1-14

Trendelenburg, R. and Mayer-Wegelin, H. (1955) Das Holz als Rohstoff. Carl Hanser, München, 541pp

Warensjö, M. and Lundgren, C. (1998) Impact of compression wood on deformations of sawn wood on deformations of sawn wood of spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.), The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Products. Report no 255 Uppsala (In Swedish. English summary).

Westing, A.H. (1965) Formation and function of compression wood in gymnosperms. Bot Rev 31:381-480

Yumoto, M., Ishida, S. (1982) Studies on the formation and structure of the compression wood cells induced by artificial inclination in young trees of Picea glauca. III. Light microscopic oberservation on the compression wood cells formed under five different angular displacements. J Fac Agr Hokkaido Univ 60:337-351

Yumoto, M., Ishida, S., Fukazawa, K. (1983) Studies on the formation and structure of the compression wood cells induced by artificial inclination in young trees of Picea glauca. IV. Gradation of the severity of compression wood tracheids. Res Bull Coll Exp For Hokkaido Univ 40:409-454 

 

What's of interest

Literature review performed by:
Philipp Duncker
Albert-Ludwigs-University Freiburg
Institut fuer Waldwachstum
Bertoldstr. 17
79085 Freiburg
Germany

Mats Warensjoe
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Department of Forest Management and Products
901 83 Umeň
Sweden