Glossary - R

Rack
Route created during thinning or felling operations for the timber extraction machinery to travel into and out of the forest. Often a rack is made by removing one or two rows of trees.
Regeneration
The production of a new crop by artificial or natural regeneration. See Natural regeneration.
Respiration
The release into the atmosphere of carbon dioxide formed in a plant or animal where ener is released from stored foods: in plants the reverse of photosynthesis.
Restocking
The planting of an area after a tree crop has been removed.
Restocking
The replanting of an area after trees are removed.
Ride
Un-surfaced unplanted route through plantations used for access, demarcation, extraction and shooting.
Ring barking
Cutting round the bark and destroying the cells carrying the tree's food. Also called Girdling.
Ripping
A form of ground cultivation where a long tine breaks into the subsoil. Used to break up ironpan soils.
Root hairs
Tips of young roots through which water and mineral salts are absorbed from soil.
Root stock
Roots on which desirable grafts are grown.
Rootplate
The shallow layer of radially arranged roots revealed when a tree has blown over.
Rotation
Period between planting and harvesting.
Roundwood
Logs and small branches (small roundwood)