Compression Wood references

Ormarsson, S., Petersson, H., Dahlblom, O. (2000) Numerical and Experimental Studies on Influence of Compression Wood Timber Distortion. DRYING TECHNOLOGY  VOL 18; NO 8 ,page(s): 1897-1920

Rice, R. W.  (2000) Measurements of Delayed Warp in Eastern Spruce Studs. DRYING TECHNOLOGY  VOL 18; NO 8 ,page(s): 1833-1848

No Author. (2001) A new twist A revolutionary sort of wood hits the market. ENGINEERING -LONDON THEN SOLIHULL-  JULY , page(s): 55-58

Kwon, M., Bedgar, D.L., Piastuch, W., Davin, L. B., Lewis, N. G. (2001) Induced compression wood formation in Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) in microgravity. PHYTOCHEMISTRY VOL 57; NUMBER 6 ,page(s): 847-857

Donaldson, L. A., Turner, J. C. (2001) The influence of compression wood and microfibril angle on the occurrence of distortion in window frames made from radiata pine (Pinus radiata). HOLZ ALS ROH UND WERKSTOFF VOL 59; PART 3 , page(s): 163-168

Johansson, M., Perstorper, M., Kliger, R., Johansson, G. (2001) Distortion of Norway spruce timber Part 2. Modelling twist. HOLZ ALS ROH UND WERKSTOFF VOL 59; PART 3 , page(s): 155-162

Tamminen, T., Hortling, B., Ranua, M. (1998) Oxygen and Chlorine Dioxide Delignification of Compression Wood Enriched and Normal Pine Kraft Pulp. 2.Direct Analysis of Residual Lignin Content and Structure from Pulp Enzyme Hydrolysates. INTERNATIONAL PULP BLEACHING CONFERENCE VOL 2 , page(s): 557- 562

Hortling, B., Tamminen, T., Ranua, M. (1998) Oxygen and Chlorine Dioxide Delignification of Compression Wood Enriched and Normal Pine Kraft Pulp. 1.Differences in Delignification Behaviour and Residual Lignin Structure. INTERNATIONAL PULP BLEACHING CONFERENCE VOL 2 , page(s): 295- 300

Houska, M., Bucar, B., Mechano sorptive creep in adult, juvenile and reaction wood. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON WOOD MECHANICS , page(s): 47-62

Kartal, S. N., Lebow, S. T. (2001) Effect of compression wood on leaching and fixation of CCA-C treated red pine. WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE VOL 33; PART 2, page(s): 182-192

Perstorper, M., Johansson, M., Kliger, R., Johansson, G. (2001) Distortion of Norway spruce timber Part 1. Variation of relevant wood properties. HOLZ ALS ROH UND WERKSTOFF VOL 59;PART 1/2 , page(s): 94-103

Andersson, S., Serimaa, R., Torkkeli, M., Paakkari, T., Saranpaa, P., Pesonen, E. (2000) Microfibril angle of Norway spruce [Piceaabies (L.) Karst.] compression wood: comparison of measuring techniques. JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE VOL 46; PART5 , page(s): 343-349

Yoshida, M., Yamamoto, O., Okuyama, T. (2000) Strain Changes on the Inner Bark Surface of an Inclined Coniferous Sapling Producing Compression Wood. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 54; PART 6 , page(s):664-668

Yoshizawa, N., Inami, A., Miyake, S., Ishiguri, F., Yokota, S. (2000) Anatomy and lignin distribution of reaction wood in two Magnolia species. WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY - NEW YORK- VOL 34; PART 3 , page(s): 183-196

Kim, Y., S.Kim, I.-J., Singh, A.P. Ultrastructural Characteristics of Archaeological Compression Wood Degraded in Waterlogged Conditions. Pacific regional wood anatomy conference, page(s): 388-393

Wi, S.G., Lim, K.P., Kim, Y.S. Inhomogeneous Distribution of Ligninin Compression Wood of Pinus densiflora and Ginkgo biloba. Pacific regional wood anatomy conference, page(s): 198-202

Ormarsson, S., Petersson, H. Dahlblom, O. (2000) Numerical and Experimental Studies on Influence of Compression Wood Timber Distortion DRYING TECHNOLOGY VOL 18; NO 8, page(s): 1897-1920

Rice, R.W. (2000) Measurements of Delayed Warp in Eastern Spruce Studs. DRYING TECHNOLOGY VOL 18; NO 8, page(s): 1833-1848

Ormarsson, S., Petersson, H., Dahlblom, O. (2000) Numerical and Experimental Studies on Influence of Compression Wood Timber Distortion. DRYING TECHNOLOGY VOL 18; PART 8, page(s): 1897-1920

Nystrom, J., Kline, D.E., (2000) Automatic classification of compression wood in green southern yellow pine. WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE VOL 32; PART 3, page(s): 301-310

Guizhen, F., Jian, L., Xianzhu, X. (2000) The intermediate of crosslinking reaction between wood and polycarboxylic acid I. Space effect and chemical structure of polycarboxylic acid. SCIENTIA SILVAE SINICAE VOL 36; PART4 , page(s): 51-54

Gorisek, Z., Torelli, N. (1999) Microfibril Angle in Juvenile, Adult and Compression Wood of Spruce and Silver Fir. HYTON -HORN- VOL 39; NO 3 SPEC ISS ,page(s): 129-132

Gorisek, Z., Torelli, N. (1999) Microfibril Angle in Juvenile, Adult and Compression Wood of Spruce and Silver Fir. HYTON -HORN- VOL 39; PART 3 , page(s):129-132

Nystroem, J., Hagman, O. (1999) Methods for detecting compression wood in green and dry conditions [3826- 09]. PROCEEDINGS- SPIE THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING ISSUE 3826 , page(s): 287-294

Oehman, M. (1999) Correspondences between manually estimated compression wood in Norway spruce and the warp of the sawn timber. HOLZ ALS ROH UND WERKSTOFF VOL 57; NUMBER 5 , page(s): 391-396

Donaldson, L.A., Singh, A.P., Yoshinaga, A.,Takabe, K. (1999) Lignin distribution in mild compression wood of Pinus radiata. SCANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY VOL 77; NUMBER 1 , page(s): 41-50

Singh, A.P., Donaldson, L.A. (1999) Ultrastructure of tracheid cell walls in radiata pine (Pinus radiata) mild compression wood. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY VOL 77; NUMBER 1 , page(s): 32-40

Yamamoto, H., Okuyama, T., Yoshida, M. Growth stress generation and microfibril angle in reaction wood. Significance of microfibril angle to wood quality , page(s): 225-239

Kim, Y.S., Singh, A.P. (1999) Micromorphological Characteristics of Compression Wood Degradation in Waterlogged Archaeological Pine Wood. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 53; NUMBER 4 , page(s): 381-385

Furusawa, O., Funada, R., Murakami, Y., Ohtani, J. (1998) Arrangement of cortical microtubules in compression wood tracheids of Taxus cuspidata visualized by confocal laser microscopy. JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE VOL 44; NUMBER 3 , page(s): 230-233

Nystroem, J., Hagman, O. (1999) Real-time spectral classification of compression wood in Picea abies. JOURNAL OF WOOD SCIENCE VOL 45; NUMBER 1 , page(s): 30-37

Lohrasebi, H., Mabee, W. E., Roy, D. N. (1999) Chemistry and Pulping Feasibility of Compression Wood in Black Spruce. JOURNAL OF WOOD CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY VOL 19; NUMBER 1/2 , page(s): 13-26

Little, C.H. A., Eklund, L. (1999) Ethylene in relation to compression wood formation in Abies balsamea shoots. TREES -BERLIN- VOL 13; NUMBER 4, page(s): 173-177

Groen, O. (1999) Danish dynamite. A method for taking samples of large oak timbers under water. WARP OCCASIONAL PAPER NUMBER 12, page(s): 103-104

Nakai Yoshizawa, N., Ohba, H., Uchiyama, J., Yokota,S. (1999) Deposition of Lignin in Differentiating Xylem Cell Walls of Normal and Compression Wood of Buxusmicrophylla var. insularis. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 53; NUMBER 2, page(s): 156-160

Fournier-Djimbi, M., Sassus, F., Combes, J. G., Grzeskowiak, V. (1997) Growth strains and reaction wood. PLANT BIOMECHANICS NUMBER 1, page(s):231-238

Vallet, C., Chabbert, B., Czaninski, Y., Monties, B. (1997) Formation of reaction wood in stems of Medicago sativa L. PLANT BIOMECHANICS NUMBER 2 , page(s):55-58

Pandey, K.K., Chauhan, S.S., Aggarwal, P.K. (1998) Reaction of wood with inorganic salts. HOLZ ALS ROH UND WERKSTOFF VOL 56; NUMBER 6, page(s): 412-415

Hansen, J.K., Roulund, H. (1998) Spiral grain in a clonal trial with Sitka spruce. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH VOL 28; NUMBER 6 , page(s): 911-919 Abstract

Singh, A. P., Sell, J., Schmitt, U., Zimmermann, T. Dawson, B. (1998) Radial Striation of S~2 Layer in Mild Compression Wood Tracheids of Pinus radiata. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 52; NUMBER 6 , page(s): 563-566

Spicer, R., Gartner, B. L. (1998) Hydraulic properties of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) branches and branch halves with reference to compression wood. TREE PHYSIOLOGY VOL 18; NUMBER 11 ,page(s): 777-784

Coyle, J., Steciuk, P. A., Wood, J. (1996) Verification of Wave Distortion Modeling Procedures Through Testing. PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HARMONICS AND QUALITY OF POWER 7th , page(s): 60-66

Prohaska, T., Stadlbauer, C., Wimmer, R., Stingeder, G., Latkoczy, Ch., Hoffmann, E., Stephanowitz, H. (1998) Investigation of element variability in tree rings of young Norway spruce by laser-ablation. ICPMS SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT VOL 219; ISSUE 1 , page(s): 29- 39 Abstract

Burroughs, F. (1998) Compression Wood. AMERICAN SCHOLAR VOL 67; NUMBER 2 ,page(s): 123-137

Smith, W. D. Modeling the geotropic response and associated compression wood formation in lobiolly pine (Pinus taeda) from disorientation by hurricane Hugo. Forest products , page(s): 281-282

Yoon Soo Kim Singh, A. P. (1998) Degradation Features of Waterlogged Archaelogical Compression Wood. DOCUMENT- INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PRESERVATION IRG WP VOL 10258 , page(s): ALL

Singh, A. P. Ultrastructural features of compression wood cells in relation to bacterial decay in Pinus radiata. Recent advances in wood anatomy , page(s):400-407

Yoshizawa, N., Fujii, T., Suzuki, M. Anatomy of reaction wood of avessel-less hardwood, Tetracentron sinense. Recent advances in wood anatomy , page(s):162-166

No Author. (1998) Compression Wood Formation in a Microgravity Environment. NASA CONFERENCE PUBLICATION ISSUE 206960 , page(s): 589-606

Simpson, W.T. T., Schernitz, J. L. (1998) Effect of thickness variation on warp in high-temperature drying plantation- grown loblolly pine 2 by 4's. WOOD AND FIBER SCIENCE VOL 30; NUMBER2 , page(s): 165-174

Bergander, A., Salmen, L. (1997) Lamellar cracks, do they appear during radial compression of wood? NORDIC PULP AND PAPER RESEARCH JOURNAL VOL 12; NUMBER 4 , page(s): 216-219

No Author. (1998) Timber with a twist: Engineers from Buro Happold have been singing the praises of timber gridshells for 20 years. Clients are finally taking note. NEW CIVIL ENGINEER 26-MAR-, page(s): 18-19

Fukuta, S., Takasu, Y., Ogawa, K. (1997) Compressive Deformation Process of Wood Using Hot Press -Physical Property of Compression Wood and Fixation ofthe Deformation. REPORTS- INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE AICHI PREFECTURAL GOVERNMENT VOL 33 , page(s): 67-70

Bodner, J., Schlag, M.G., Gruell, G. (1997) Fracture Initiation and Progress in Wood Specimens Stressed in Tension. Part II. Compression Wood Specimens Stressed Parallel to the Grain. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 51; NUMBER 6 ,page(s): 571-576

Singh, A. P. (1997) The ultrastructure of the attack of Pinus radiata mild compression wood by erosion and tunnelling bacteria. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF BOTANY VOL 75; NUMBER 7 , page(s): 1095- 1102

Kazayawoko, M., Balatinecz, J.J., Woodhams, R.T. (1997) Diffuse Reflectance Fourier Transform Infrared Spectra of Wood Fibers Treated with Maleated Polypropylenes. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE VOL 66; NUMBER 6 , page(s): 1163-1173 Abstract

Vanek, M., Olbrich, R. (1996) Reducing Twist During Drying: First Results. INTERNATIONAL IUFRO WOOD DRYING CONFERENCE , page(s): 297- 300

Daniels, L. D., Dobry, J., Klinka, K., Feller, M. C. (1997) Determining year of death of logs and snags of Thuja plicata in southwestern coastal British Columbia. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH VOL 27; NUMBER 7 , page(s): 1132-1141 Abstract

Larimore, M.G., Wood, S.L., Treichler, J. R. (1997) Performance Costs for Theoretical Minimal-Length Equalizers. IEEE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ACOUSTICS SPEECH AND SIGNAL PROCESSING VOL 3 , page(s): 2477-2480 Abstract available

Thomason, S.M., Pasek, E.A. (1997) Amine Copper Reaction with Wood Components: Acidity versus Copper Adsorption. DOCUMENT- INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH GROUP ON WOOD PRESERVATION IRG WP VOL 30161 , page(s): ALL

Lin, L., Yao, Y., Yoshioka, M., Shiraishi, N. (1997) Molecular Weights and Molecular Weight Distributions of Liquefied Wood Obtained by Acid-Catalyzed Phenolysis. JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE VOL 64; NUMBER 2 , page(s): 351-357 Abstract available

Kerr, C. (1997) Juvenile wood, compression wood and the customer. NEW ZEALAND FORESTRY VOL 41; NUMBER 4, page(s): 4

Zhang, X.H., Chiang, V.L. (1997) Molecular Cloning of 4-Coumarate: Coenzyme A Ligase in Loblolly Pine and the Roles of This Enzyme in the Biosynthesis of Lignin in Compression Wood. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY - ROCKVILLE PIKE BETHESDA- VOL 113; NUMBER 1 page(s): 65-74 Abstract available

Bailleres, H., Castan, M., Monties, B., Pollet, B., Lapierre, C. (1997) Lignin Structure in Buxus sempervirens reaction wood. PHYTOCHEMISTRY VOL 44; NUMBER 1 , page(s): 35-39 Abstract available

Hortling, B., Tamminen, T., Pekkala, O. (1996) Effects of Compression Wood Proportion on Fiber Properties and Characteristics of Residual Lignin-Carbohydrate Complexes in Pine Kraft Pulp. TAPPI PULPING CONFERENCE //1 , page(s):189-196

Cown, D. J., Haslett, A. N., Kimberley, M.O., McConchie, D.L. (1996) The influence of wood quality onlumber drying distortion. ANNALES DES SCIENCES FORESTIERES VOL53; NUMBER 6 , page(s): 1177-1188

Reader, T. G., Kurmes, E.A. (1996) The Influence of Thinning to Different Stocking Levels on Compression Wood Development in Ponderosa Pine. FOREST PRODUCTS JOURNAL VOL 46; NUMBER 11/12 , page(s): 92-100

Hortling, B., Tamminen, T., Pekkala, O. (1996) Effects of Compression Wood Proportion on Fiber Properties and Characteristics of Residual Lignin-Carbohydrate Complexes in Pine Kraft Pulp. TAPPI PULPING CONFERENCE //1 , page(s):189-196

Renaud, M., Rueff, M., Rocaboy, A.C. (1996) Mechanical behaviour of saturated wood under compression. Part 2. Behaviour of wood at low rates of strain some effects of compression on wood structure. WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -NEW YORK- VOL 30; NUMBER 4 , page(s): 237-244

Chadwick, W.B., Langrish, T.A.G. (1996) A Comparison of Drying Time and Timber Quality in the Continuous and Cyclic Drying of Australian Turpentine Timber.. DRYING TECHNOLOGY VOL 14; NUMBER 3/4, page(s): 895-906 Abstract

Stetter, M., Timberlake, G.T., Sendtner, R.A., Webb, R.H. (1996) SLO saccade profile measurements and the effects of retinal raster size and distortion [2632-23]. PROCEEDINGS- SPIE THE INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR OPTICAL ENGINEERING ISSUE 2632 , page(s): 98-109 Abstract

Wang, H., Qiao, Z. (1995) High Temperature Ausrolling of Wood Cutting Twist Drills. PROCEEDINGS OF THE ANNUAL CONFERENCE- HEATTREATMENT INSTITUTION OF CHINESE MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SOCIETY CONF 6, page(s): 256-261

Quinney, R.F., Banks, W.B., Lawther, J.M. (1995) The Activation of Wood Fibre for Thermoplastic Coupling, the Reaction of Wood with a Potential Coupling Agent. JOURNAL OF WOOD CHEMISTRY AND TECHNOLOGY VOL 15; NUMBER 4 , page(s): 529-544

Andersson, C., Walter, F. (1995) Classification of Compression Wood Using Digital Image Analysis. FOREST PRODUCTS JOURNAL VOL 45; NUMBER 11/12 , page(s): 87-92

Wood, A. R., Arrillaga, J. (1995) Composite Resonance: A Circuit Approach to the Waveform Distortion Dynamics of an HVDC Converter. IEEE POWER ENGINEERING REVIEW VOL 15; NUMBER 10 , page(s): 58

Watson, B., Cameron, A. (1995) Some Effects of Nursing Species on Stem Form, Branching Habit and Compression Wood Content of Sitka Spruce. SCOTTISH FORESTRY VOL 49; NUMBER 3 ,page(s): 146

Wood, A. R., Arrillaga, J. (1995) Composite Resonance; A Circuit Approach to the Waveform Distortion Dynamics of an HVDC Converter. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON POWER DELIVERY PWRD VOL 10; NUMBER 4 , page(s): 1882

Gerardin, P., Maurin, E., Loubinoux, B. (1995) Reaction of Wood with Isocyanates Generated in Situ from Acyl Azides. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 49; NUMBER 4 ,page(s): 379

Sundberg, B., Tuominen, H., Little, C.H.A. (1994) Effects of the Indole-3-Acetic Acid (IAA) Transport Inhibitors N-1- Naphthylphthalamic Acid and Morphactin on Endogenous IAA Dynamics in Relation to Compression Wood Formation in 1-Year-Old Pinus sylvestris (L.) Shoots. PLANT PHYSIOLOGY -ROCKVILLE PIKE BETHESDA- VOL 106; NUMBER 2 page(s): 469

Blanchette, R.A., Obst, J.R., Timell, T.E. (1994) Biodegradation of Compression Wood and Tension Wood by White and Brown Rot Fungi. HOLZFORSCHUNG VOL 48; NUMBER SUP ,page(s): 34

Hamm, E.A., Lum, C. (1991) Application of Ultrasonics and a Slope of Grain Indicator to Detection of Compression Wood in Lumber. PROCEEDINGS OF THE SYMPOSIUM ON THE NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WOOD 8th , page(s): 105-130

Samson, M., Bindzi, I., Fafard, M. (1993) Errors caused by twist in machine stress rating of lumber . PROCEEDINGS OF THE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING OF WOOD 9th , page(s): 151-156

Lin, J.-X., Li, Z.-L. (1993) Comparative Anatomy of Normal Wood and Compression Wood of Masson Pine (Pinus massoniana). ACTA BOTANICA SINICA -CHINESE EDITION- VOL 35; NUMBER 3 , page(s): 201

Fridley, K. J., Tang, R.C. (1993) Modelling three-dimensional distortion of wood due to anisotropic shrinkage. MATHEMATICAL AND COMPUTER MODELLING VOL 17; NUMBER 9 , page(s): 23

Nakai Yoshizawa, N., Satoh, M., Yokota, S., Idei, T. (1993) Formation and structure of reactionwood in Buxus microphylla var. insularis. WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY -NEW YORK- VOL 27; NUMBER 1 , page(s): 1