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Seed and seedling biology publications

Gosling, P.G., McCartan, S.A. & Peace, A.J. (2009). Seed dormancy and germination characteristics of common alder (Alnus glutinosa L.) indicate some potential to adapt to climate change in Britain. Forestry (In press).

Kerr, G., Gosling, P.G., Morgan, G., Stokes, V., Cunningham, V. and Parratt, M.  (2008). Seed production and seedling survival in a 50 year-old stand of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra subsp. laricio) in southern Britain. Forestry, 81, 525-541.

Gosling, P.G., McCartan, S.A., Ives, L.M., Cunningham, V.J., Squirrell, J. & Thomas, P. (2008).  Preliminary observations on fruit handling, seed germination and chloroplast inheritance of an Amentotaxus hybrid arising at the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh from A. argotaenia (F) x A. formosana (M).  Sibbaldia, 6, 101-115

McCartan, S., Gosling, P.G. & Ives, L. (2007). Seed fill determination in common juniper (Juniperus communis L.) p. 53 In: Proceedings of IUFRO Tree Seed Symposium, Recent Advances in Seed Physiology and Technology, in Fredricton, New Brunswick, Canada (July 18-21 2006) Eds: Beardmore, T.L. & Simpson, J.D. 65pp.

McCartan, S. & Gosling, P.G. (2007). Exposed ! - Predicting filled and empty seeds in juniper with x-radiographs (PDF-950K).  Ecotype 38, p.7.

Willoughby, I., Jinks, R., Gosling, P., Harmer, R. & Parratt, M.  (2007). Creating new broadleaved woodlands by direct seeding (PDF-2807K).  Forest Research, Annual Report and Accounts 2006-2007, p.43. Publ. Edinburgh: The Stationary Office.

Gosling, P.G. (2007). Raising trees and shrubs from seed (PDF-648K). Forestry Commission Practice Guide 18. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Willoughby, I., Harrison, A., Jinks, R.L., Gosling, P.G., Harmer, R. and Kerr, G. (2007). The potential for direct seeding of birch on restock sites (PDF-386K). Forestry Commission Information Note 84. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh, 8pp.

Gosling, P.G. & McCartan, S.A. (2006). Seed dormancy in a nutshell! Canadian Tree Improvement Association, Tree Seed Newsbulletin 44, 3 - 6.

Gosling, P.G. (2006). "IDS" (Imbibition, drying, separation - to separate filled-live from filled-dead tree seeds).  p. 346 In: The Encyclopedia of Seeds: Science, Technology and Uses. Eds. M. Black, J.D. Bewley & P. Halmer. Publ. CAB International 828pp.

Gosling, P.G. (2006). "PREVAC" (Pressure / Vacuum treatment - to separate intact and mechanically damaged tree seeds).  p. 533 In: The Encyclopedia of Seeds: Science, Technology and Uses. Eds. M. Black, J.D. Bewley & P. Halmer. Publ. CAB International 828pp.

Gosling, P.G. (2006). "Scarification" (seed coat abrasion to stimulate germination).  pp. 596-7 In: The Encyclopedia of Seeds: Science, Technology and Uses. Eds. M. Black, J.D. Bewley & P. Halmer. Publ. CAB International 828pp.

Gosling, P.G. (2006). "Tree seeds".  pp. 725-731 In: The Encyclopedia of Seeds: Science, Technology and Uses. Eds. M. Black, J.D. Bewley & P. Halmer. Publ. CAB International 828pp.

Gosling, P.G. & Broadmeadow, M. (2006). Seed dormancy and climate change. Forest Research, Annual Report and Accounts 2004-2005, p.21. Publ. Edinburgh: The Stationary Office.

Gosling, P.G., Ives, L.M., Cunningham, V.J., Hechenleitner V., P., Brownless, P., Thomas, P. & Martinez, C. (2005) Preliminary advice on fruit handling, seed pretreatment and 'germination' of embryos of Prumnopitys andina.  Sibbaldia, 3, 41-50.

Procházková, Z., Gosling, P.G. and Sutherland, J.R. Editors (2005). Proceedings of (ISTA) Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Workshop, Prague, Czech Republic, 20-22 October 2003 (PDF-877KB). 97pp.

Gosling, P.G. (2005). How to obtain more from ISTA ‘double’ germination tests. Proceedings of Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Workshop, Prague, Czech Republic, 20-22 October 2003. Eds. Procházková, Z, Gosling, P.G., and Sutherland, J.R.

Gosling, P.G. (2005). What is the difference between a ‘germination’ test and a ‘viability’ test? Proceedings of Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Workshop, Prague, Czech Republic, 20-22 October 2003. Eds. Procházková, Z, Gosling, P.G., and Sutherland, J.R.

Willoughby, I., Jinks, R., Gosling, P. and Kerr, G. (2004). Creating new broadleaved woodlands by direct seeding (PDF-647K). Forestry Commission Practice Guide 16. Forestry Commission, Edinburgh.

Gosling, P.G. (2004). Potential areas for future tree seed research. Canadian Tree Improvement Association, Tree Seed Newsbulletin, 40, 5-7.

Gosling, P.G. (2004). Report on ISTA Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Workshop (Prague, Czech Republic) and Post-Workshop tour (Czech Republic & Slovakia), October 2003. Seed Testing International, 127, 34-36.

Gosling, P.G. & Baker, C. (2004). Six chemicals with animal repellent or insecticide properties are screened for phytotoxic affects on the germination and viability of ash, birch, Corsican pine and sycamore seeds. Forestry 77 (5) 397-403.

Willoughby, I., Kerr, G., Jinks, R.L. & Gosling, P.G. (2004). Factors affecting the success of direct seeding for lowland afforestation in the UK. Forestry 77 (5) 467-482.

Willoughby I., Jinks R. L., Gosling P.G., Kerr G.K. (2004). Creating New Broadleaved Woodlands by Direct Seeding. Forestry Commission Practice Guide 16, Forestry Commission, Edinburgh. 32pp.

Gosling, P.G. (2003). Chapter on 'Seed viability testing' (PDF-255K). pp. 445-481 In: Seed conservation: Turning science into practice. Eds. Smith, R.D., Dickie, J.B., Linington, S.H., Pritchard, H.W. & Probert, R.J. Publ. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 1023pp.

Gosling, P.G., Samuel, Y. and Peace, A. (2003). The effect of moisture content and prechill duration on dormancy breakage in Douglas fir seeds (Pseudotsuga menziesii var. menziesii [Mirb.] Franco). Seed Sci. Res. 13, 239-246.

Drury, S. & Gosling, P.G. (2003). Tree and shrub seed testing and research. Hort. Week. (13th November) 37-38.

Gosling, P.G. (2002). Successful storage of pretreated, ("ready-to-sow") seeds of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. J. Trop. For. Sci. 14 (3) 337-345.

Gosling, P.G. (2002). Handling and storing acorns (chestnuts and sycamore fruits). Forestry Commission Practice Note 12, 8pp.

Stokes, J., Hand, K., Gosling, P.G., Jinks, R.L. & Patch, D. (2001). The Good Seed Guide. 64pp. Publ. Tree Council.

Gosling, P. G. (2001). Improving the speed, accuracy and reliability of some tree seed viability tests. Int. Soc. Seed Technol. Newsletter 3, 7-9.

Gosling, P. G. (2000). Dry after-ripening does not stimulate the germination of shallowly dormant Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis [Bong.] Carr.) seeds. Seed Sci. and Technol. 28, 507-511.

Gosling, P. G. (1999). Why isn't tree seed 'Ready-to-sow'? For. & Brit. Timber 28 (12), 30-33.

Gosling, P. G., Samuel, Y. K. and Jones, S. K. (1999). Short-term storage of untreated and pretreated seeds of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit. Canadian Tree Improvement Association, Tree Seed Newsbulletin, 30, 15-18.

Gosling, P. G., Parratt, M. and Peace, A. (1999). Identifying the optimum pretreatment duration and germination temperature for Abies nordmanniana ([Steven] Spach) seed, and assessing the effect of moisture content and storage temperature on longevity. Seed Sci and Technol. 27, 951-961.

Poulson, K., Parratt, M.J.R. and Gosling, P.G. (1998). Tropical and sub-tropical Tree and Shrub Seed Handbook. Published by International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland. p204.

Jinks, R.J. and Gosling, P.G. (1998). Improvements to broadleaved seed performance. Rep. For. Res., Edin. 11-15.

Gosling, P.G. (1998). ISTA Forest tree and shrub seed committee. Prophyta, p.11.

Jones, S.K., Gosling, P.G. and Ellis, R. (1998). Reimposition of conditional dormancy during air-dry storage of prechilled and redried Sitka spruce seeds. Seed Sci. Res. 8, 113-122.

Gosling, P.G., Jones, S.K. and Ellis, R.H. (1998). Secondary dormancy is not re-imposed by drying pretreated seeds of Sitka spruce, but develops during dry storage. Proc. ISTA Congress.

Gosling, P.G. (1998). Report of the Forest Tree & Shrub Seed Committee 1995-98. Seed Sci. & Technol. 26, 149-167.

Gosling, P.G., Jinks, R.L. and Jones, S.K. (1993-97). A multidisciplinary approach to the understanding and efficient handling of seed dormancy in tree species. Contract reports @ 0-6, 7-12, 13-18, 19-24, 25-30, 31-36 months plus ‘Final Report’, ‘Final Synthesis’, Final Summary’ (Contract No. AIR2-CT93 - 1667).

Jones, S.K., Ellis, R. and Gosling, P.G. (1997). Loss and induction of conditional dormancy in imbibed seeds of Sitka spruce maintained at different temperatures. Seed Sci. Res. 7, 351-358.

Gosling, P.G. (1997). Germination of Corsican pine (Pinus nigra var. nigra) seeds after fungicidal treatment with benlate, or surface sterilisation with 30% H2O2. Proceedings of Tree Seed Pathology Workshop, Opo_no, Czech Republic, 9-11 October 1996. Ed. Procházková, Z. and Sutherland, J.R. 47-49.

Gosling, P.G. (1997). Improvements to conifer seed performance. Rep. For. Res., Edin. 1997.

Jones, S.K., Gosling, P.G. and Ellis, E.H. (1997). Dormancy in Sitka spruce seeds. In: Current Plant Science and Biotechnology in Agriculture Vol. 30. Basic and Applied Aspects of Seed Biology. Proc. of fifth International Workshop on Seeds, Reading, 1995, Eds Ellis, R.H.; Black, M.; Murdoch, A.J; and Hong, T.J. Publ. Kluwer Academic Press.

Willoughby, I., Kerr, G., Jinks, R. and Gosling, P.G. (1996). Establishing new woodlands by direct sowing. Forestry Commission Research Information Note 285.

Gosling, P.G., Samuel, Y.K. and Jones, S.K. (1996). Pretreatment and germination of Acacia nilotica and Leucaena leucocephala seeds. Ibid 82-94.

Gosling, P.G. (1996). International Standards and the testing of tropical tree seed. Proceedings IUFRO Seed Symposium on ‘Innovations in tropical tree seeds, Arusha, Tanzania. September 1995. Ed. Kirsten Olesen 71-81.

Jinks, R.L., Jones, S.K. and Gosling, P.G. (1995). Improving the pretreatment and germination of broadleaved seed. For. & Brit. Timber 24, (12) 24-26.

Gosling, P.G., Samuel, Y.K. and Jones, S.K. (1995). Pretreatment and germination of Leucaena leucocephala and Acacia nilotica seed. Contract report to the ODA Forestry Research Programme. (Contract No. R5649).

Gosling, P. G., Samuel, Y. and Jones, S. K. (1995). A systematic examination of germination temperature, chipping and water temperature soak duration pretreatments on the seeds of Leucaena leucocephala. Seed Sci. and Technol. 23, 521-532.

Gosling, P.G. (1995). Dormant tree seeds and their (pre-)sowing treatment. Arb. Res. Note 56. Publ. Arb. Advisory and Information Service.

Gosling, P.G. (1995). Report of the ISTA Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Committee 1992-95. Seed Sci. and Technol. 23(1), 109-118.

Jinks, R. L., Jones, S. K. and Gosling, P. G. (1994). Improving conifer seed germination. For. & Brit. Timber 23 (12), 24-27.

Gosling, P. G., Jones, S. K., and Gardiner, A. S. (1994). Spin drying soaked tree seed before prechilling improves seed handling. Tree Planters Notes 45, 32-35.

Samuel, Y., Jones, S. K., and Gosling, P. G. (1994). The effect of fungicides (benlate and captan) on the germination of Leucaena salvadorensis and L. leucocephala seeds. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports 12, 103-106.

Gosling, P. G. and Aldhous, J. R. (1994). Seed. In: Forestry Commission Bulletin 111 ‘Forest Nursery Practice’ Eds. Aldhous, J. R. and Mason, W. L.

Jones, S. K. and Gosling, P. G. (1994). ‘Target moisture content’ prechill overcomes the dormancy of temperate conifer seeds. New Forests 8, 309-321.

Taylor, M. A., Davies, H. V., Smith, S. B., Albruzzese, A., and Gosling, P. G. (1993). Cold-induced changes in gene expression during dormancy breakage in seeds of douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menzeisii). J. of Plant Physiol. 146, 120-123.

Jones, S. K., Gosling, P. G. and Ellis, R. E. (1993). The effects of redrying moist, prechilled and chitted Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis Bong. Carr.) seeds. Proceedings of Fourth International Workshop on Basic and Applied aspects of Seeds, Angers, France, 1992. Eds. D. Come and F. Corbineau, volume 3, 1015-1020.

Jones, S. K., Bergsten, U. and Gosling, P. G. (1993). A comparison of 5oC and 15oC as pretreatments for moist, dormant Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) seed. Proceedings of IUFRO conference on ‘Seed Dormancy and Barriers to germination’, Victoria, British Columbia, 1991. Ed. D. G. W. Edwards, 51-55.

Peace, A. J. and Gosling, P. G. (1992). The computer system of the British Official Seed Testing Station. Seed Sci. and Technol. 20, 359-366.

Gosling, P. G. (1992). Report of the ISTA Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Committee 1989-92. Seed Sci. and Technol. 20, (Supplement) 77-86.

Gosling, P. G. (1992). Con(e)fessions of a tree seed testa (tester). Biological Sciences Review 4, 28-30.

Gosling, P. G. (1991). Seed pp 11-16. In: Forestry Commission Handbook 6, ‘Forestry Practice’ Ed. B. G. Hibberd (Published HMSO).

Gordon, A. G., Gosling, P. G. and Wang, B. S. P. (1991). Tree and Shrub Seed Handbook. (Published by International Seed Testing Association, Zurich, Switzerland).

Jones, S. K., Samuel, Y. and Gosling, P. G. (1991). The effect of soaking and prechilling on the germination of noble fir (Abies procera) seeds. Seed Sci. and Technol. 19, 287-193.

Gosling, P. G. (1991). Beechnut storage: a review and practical interpretation of the scientific literature. Forestry 64, 51-59.

Jones, S. K. and Gosling, P. G. (1990). The successful redrying of imbibed, or imbibed plus prechilled Sitka spruce seed. Seed Sci. and Technol. 18, 541-547.

Gosling, P. G. and Peace, A. J. (1990). The analysis and interpretation of ISTA ‘double’ germination tests. Seed Sci. and Technol. 18, 791-803.

Stevens, F. W., Thompson, D. A., and Gosling, P. G. (1990). Direct seeding for lowland plantation establishment. Forestry Commission, Research Information Note, 184.

Gosling, P. G. and Rigg, P. (1990). The effect of moisture content and prechill duration on the efficiency of dormancy breakage in Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) seed. Seed Sci. and Technol. 18, 337-343.

Gosling, P. G. (1989). Report on the 1989 ISTA Post-Congress Forestry Tour. ISTA Bulletin 95, 10-14.

Gosling, P. G. (1989). The effect of density separation on the germination of Corsican pine seed. Forestry 62, 117-123 (Supplement).

Gosling, P. G. (1989). The effect of drying Quercus robur acorns to different moisture contents, followed by storage, either with or without imbibition. Forestry 62, 41-50.

Gosling, P. G. (1988). The storage and handling of tree and shrub seed. Hort. Week 204, (21) Supplement 5-6.

Gosling, P. G. (1988). The effect of moist chilling on the subsequent germination of some temperate conifer seeds over a range of temperatures. J. Seed Technol. 12, 90-98.

Stewart, J. L. and Gosling, P. G. (1988). Seed pretreatment methods for Guazuma ulmifolia (LAM). Common. For. Rev. 67, 187-190.

Gosling, P. G. (1988). Seed quality control. Hort. Week 203, 16-17.

Gosling, P. G. (1987). Report of the International Seed Testing Association ‘Forest Tree and Shrub Seed Committee’ 1983-86. Seed Sci. and Technol. 15, 445-450.

Gosling, P. G. (1987). Dormant tree seeds can exhibit similar properties to seed of low vigour. In: FC Bulletin 65. Advances in Practical Arboriculture, Proceedings of a Forestry Commission/Arboricultural Association seminar at York. April 1985. 28-31.

Gosling, P. G. (1986). Seed pp. 1-4. In: Forestry Commission Bulletin 14 "Forestry Practice" Ed. B. G. Hibberd (Published by HMSO).

Gosling, P. G. (1985). Tree seed dormancy and pretreatment. G. C. and H. T. J. 197, 20-21.

Gosling, P. G. (1984). Dormant tree seeds and their pre (sowing) treatment. Arb. Res. Note 56, (Published by DOE).

Gosling, P. G. (1984). Overcoming the dormancy of tree and shrub seeds. Q. J. For. 78, 185-187.

Gosling, P.G. (1983). Overcoming the dormancy of tree and shrub seeds. Forestry Commission, Research Information Note 80.

Gosling, P. G., Butler, R., Black, M. and Chapman, J. M. (1981). The onset of germination ability in developing wheat. J. Exp. Bot. 32, 621-627.

Adkins, S. W., Gosling, P. G. and Ross, J. D. (1980). Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconic acid dehydrogenase of wild oat seeds. Phytochemistry 19, 2523-2525.

Gosling, P. G. and Ross, J. D. (1980). Peroxidase levels in the cotyledons of hazel seed (Corylus avellana L.) Phytochemistry 20, 31-33.

Gosling, P. G. and Ross, J. D. (1980). A comparison of petiolar growth of isolated hazel cotyledons in response to stratification and exogenous GA3. J. Exp. Bot. 31, 737-742.

Gosling, P. G. and Ross, J. D. (1980). Pentose phosphate metabolism during dormancy breakage in Corylus avellana L. Planta 148, 362-366.

Gosling, P. G. and Ross, J. D. (1979). Characterisation of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconic acid dehydrogenase from hazel cotyledons. Phytochemistry 18, 1441-1445.

Gosling, P. G. (1979). Dormancy breakage and the pentose phosphate pathway in hazel seeds (Corylus avellana L.). Ph.D Thesis, University of Reading.