to Forestry Commission home page
to Forest Research home page

Bleeding canker of horse chestnut - bibliography

Anon. (2005).  Chestnut pathogen is nearly certain.  Weekly Newspaper Wageningen UR, volume 7, 22 September.

Bean, W.J. (1925).  Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles. Volume I.  Fourth Edition, pp. 166-174.  John Murray: London.

Brasier, C. M. and Strouts, R.G. (1976).  New records of Phytophthora on trees in Britain.  In Phytophthora root rot and bleeding canker of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.).  European Journal of Forest Pathology 6, 129-136. 

Brasier, C.M. et al. (2004).  Phytophthora ramorum on trees.  Plant Pathology, in press.

Caroselli, N.E. (1953).  Bleeding canker of hardwoods.  Sci Tree Top 2, 1-6.

Erwin, D. C. and Ribiro O.K. (1996).  Phytophthora Diseases Worldwide.  APS Press, St Paul, Minnesota.

Forest, F., Drouin, J.N., Charest, R., Brouillet, L. & Bruneau, A. (2001).  A morphological analysis of Aesculus L. and Billia Peyr. (Sapindaceae).  Canadian Journal of Botany 79, 154-69.

Green, S., Laue, B., Fossdal, C.G., A’Hara, S. and Cottrell, J. (2009). Infection of horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum) by Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi and its detection by quantitative real-time PCR. Plant Pathology 58, 731-744.

Green, S., Studholme, D.J., Laue, B.E., Dorati, F., Lovell, H., Arnold, D., Cottrell, J.E., Bridgett, S., Blaxter, M., Huitema, E., Thwaites, R., Sharp, P.M., Jackson, R.W. and Kamoun, S. (2010). Comparative genome analysis provides insights into the evolution and adaptation of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi on European horse chestnut. PLoS ONE 5(4): e10224. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0010224.

Hardin, J.W. (1960).  Studies in the Hippocastanaceae, V – Species of the Old World.  Brittonia 12, 26-38.

Lonsdale, D.  (1993).  Choosing the time of year to prune trees.  Arboriculture Research Note 117/93/PATH, 6pp.  Aboricultural Advisory and Information Service, Farnham, Surrey.

Schmidt, O., Dujesiefken, D., Stobbe, H., Moreth, U., Kehr, R. and Schröder, T. (2008). Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi associated with horse chestnut bleeding canker in Germany. Forest Pathology38 (2), 124-128.

Strouts, R.G. (1981).  Phytophthora diseases of trees and shrubs.  Arboricultural Leaflet 8, 16pp.  HMSO, London.

Strouts, R. G. and Winter, T. G. (2000).  Diagnosis of Ill-health in Trees.  The Stationery Office, Norwich, UK.

Tree Council (2002).  The Good Seed Guide. 64pp.  Published by the Tree Council.

Webber, J.F., Parkinson N.M, Rose, R., Stanford H.,Cook R.T.A, & J.G. Elphinstone. (2008).  Isolation and identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. aesculi causing bleeding canker of horse chestnut in the UK.  Plant Pathology 57, 368.

White, J. (1995).  Forest and Woodland Trees in Great Britain.  Oxford.