Trees selected under the programme Selection and testing of conifers are grafted in nurseries prior to planting on site in clonal archives around the country, or in high facility ployhouses. Trees in archives are cross pollinated under controlled conditions to further the breeding programme and the production of selected planting stock.
The programme involves all work involving grafting, pollinations, clonal archive management, and storage of conifer seed and pollen. The progamme also includes work into all aspects of clonal forestry which seeks to improve the rate and quality of improved material reaching the industry.
- To produce and maintain breeding populations of material in support of a programme of continuous selection and testing.
- To conserve the breeding population and other genotypes considered necessary to retain a sufficiently large genetic base of each of the conifer species subjected to an improvement programme.
- To make available to the forest industry basic material derived from production populations representing the latest products of the breeding programme.
- To investigate phase-change and develop tissue culture techniques that will allow the successful development of clonal forestry.
Funders and partners
European contracts have included:
- FAIR CT 95-0909:
Towards a sustainable productive Douglas-fir forest of high quality raw material in Europe (EUDIREC)
This ended in April 2000. Progeny test data collected under this contract assisted in the development of the Douglas fir breeding programme.
- FAIR 5-CT95-0873:
Developing Somatic Embryogenesis as a tool for Spruce Tree Improvement
Forestry Commission policy
This programme remains one of the core elements of the ‘economic’ pillar contributing to sustainable forest management as describe in the UK Forestry Standard (2004). The objective of economic and efficient timber production, of which this programme is key, remains an important element of the Forestry Strategies of England, Scotland and Wales.
Reports and publications
- Genetic improvement of corsican pine
- Management of the sitka spruce breeding and production populations
- Choice of Sitka spruce seed origins for use in British forests
Foresty Commission Bulletin 127 - Order this publication (Stock code: FCBU127)
This programme is continuous and has been running for a number of years. The specification and plans supporting this work will be subject to review in 2005.
- Rationalising the collection of clonal archives
- Finalising work into the efficacy of ‘Regulex’ to induce flowering in Sitka spruce grafts
- Research into the use of cryopreservation and somatic embryogenesis to advance the aim of clonal forestry
- Production of a choice of improved family mixture planting stocks according to forestry objectives
- Mass-production of selected full-sib families to improve the uniformity of improved planting stocks.