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Wood as a fuel - Comparison with other fuels

Wood chip compares favourably with fossil fuels

 

 

Fuel type Energy density by volume kWh/m3 Price per unit (indicative) Pence per kWh  kWh per unit  Approx life cycle carbon emissions (including production) kg/kWh 
Wood chip (@ 30% Moisture Content)  694-868  £110/t  3.1p  3,500 kWh/t   0.01895
Wood Pellet  2,800-3,100  £240/t (inc VAT at 5%)  5.0p  4,800 kWh/t  0.01579
Logs @ 20% Moisture Content  2,600 (loose, unstacked logs)  £140/m3 (inc 5% VAT) 7.7p  4,100 kWh/t  0.03895
Natural gas 9.8 £4.9p/kWh 4.9p 1
 0.20435
Heating oil 10,000(1,000 litres) 34p per litre  4.6p 

10.3 

kWh/ltr

0.29795 
LPG 6,600 43p per litre 6.5p 6.6 kWh/ltr 0.24140
Electricity N/A 15p/kWh 15p 1

0.54702

References:
Gas: density – DUKES Annex A1; price - QEP table 2.3.3, annual average across all payment types 2014
Heating oil: price - QEP table 2.1.3, May 2015
Electricity: price - QEP table 2.2.3, annual average across all payment types 2014

Last updated: 13th September 2016
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