Forestry Commission logo

Distribution of native and plantation species across Europe

Many of the tree species we use in England for forestry are widely used across much of Europe. The pdf maps to the right show the full distribution, including plantations, of key species across Europe taken from individual countries national inventories, courtesy of the European Journal of Forest Research.

When considering species for a future climate, this adaptability within species to grow in different climates may help you as practitioner consider your options. Consider using trees from the provenance of your possible future climate.

Alder

Spread of Alder in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ash

Spread of Ash in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beech

Spread of Beech in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Birch

Spread of Birch in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Douglas Fir

Spread of Douglas Fir in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fir

Spread of Firs in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hornbeam

Spread of Hornbeam in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Larch

Spread of Larch in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Maritime Pine

Spread of Maritime Pine in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oak

Spread of Oak in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poplar

Spread of PoplarLarch in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scots Pine

Spread of Scots Pine in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spruce

Spread of Spruce in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweet Chestnut

Spread of Sweet Chestnut in Europe

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Data source: Brus, D.J., G.M. Hengeveld, D.J.J. Walvoort, P.W. Goedhart, A.H. Heidema, G.J. Nabuurs, K. 2011. Statistical mapping of tree species over Europe. European Journal of Forest Research 145-157