This information pack provides background on topics relating to trees and climate change. You can open the full pack or use the individual sections. Hardcopies of the pack are available to order from Forestry Commission Publications.
- Introduction and key messages (PDF, 351k)
This section highlights the Forestry Commission's key climate change messages, which are then explained in detail in the rest of the climate change pack.
- Some background information (PDF, 346k)
We are experiencing climate change because human activities continue to release greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Forests are part of the cause of climate change because globally deforestation contributes to nearly 20% of carbon dioxide emissions. However, forests can be an important part of the solution if we can reverse deforestation and plant new forests to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
- What will climate change look like? (PDF, 334k)
Climate change projections suggest that Britain will experience increasingly warmer and drier summers, accompanied by milder but wetter winters. There will also be more extreme weather events.
- What does climate change mean for forestry? (PDF, 494k)
Our changing climate means increased uncertainty for the future, and hence increased risk. We must plan ahead to help our forests adapt. This section of the pack summarises the implications of climate change for forestry. It provides some case studies of pests and diseases that may become more prevalent.
- The role of the Forestry Commission and climate change: a summary (PDF, 247k)
The Forestry Commission is already playing an important role in mitigating climate change and adapting to its impacts. This section provides a summary of this role.
- Mitigation: planting more trees (PDF, 282k)
Trees store carbon. One of the practical ways to combat climate change is to lock up or sequester more carbon from the atmosphere through planting more trees - as long as the right trees are in the right place.
- Mitigation: managing our woodlands (PDF, 345k)
Sustainable woodland management practices balance the wide range of benefits that woodlands provide, including biodiversity, recreation and effects on the carbon cycle.
- Mitigation: using timber as a renewable, low energy material (PDF, 155k)
Wood products are unique. They come from a natural renewable resource which can be sustainable if managed properly. The carbon they contain remains stored for the duration of the product's lifetime until it decays or is burned. The longer the wood product is used, the longer the period of time the carbon is stored.
- Mitigation: Wood fuel - renewable energy that grows on trees (PDF, 186k)
Wood used for energy is wood fuel. When used in place of fossil fuels, wood fuel reduces the net amount of carbon dioxide released to the atmosphere. There is the potential for the expansion of wood fuel use in the UK, but it is essential that forests that supply wood are managed sustainably.
- Adaptation: helping our forests adapt to climate change (PDF, 166k)
Adaptation to climate change means changing the way that we do things to take account of the inevitable and unavoidable changes that have started and will continue to happen during the coming decades.
- Adaptation: How our woodlands can help society to adapt (PDF, 610k)
Appropriately located woodland can help society and biodiversity to adapt to the impacts of climate change. Trees planted in the right places can reduce the risk of flooding, provide shade for our wildlife, reduce soil erosion, and help to cool down our towns and cities.
- What can individuals do? (PDF, 149k)
A summary of the ways that individuals can use woodlands and wood products to help mitigate climate change.
- Summary of Facts and Figures (PDF, 272k)
- Further reading and useful sources of information (PDF, 36k)
- Definitions (PDF, 127k)
- Introduction to case studies (PDF, 297k)
- Planting for the Future at the National Arboreta (PDF, 272k)
- Planning for the Future at Jeskyns (PDF, 325k)
- Mitigation and adaptation at Bedgebury (PDF, 283k)
- Using more wood in building (PDF, 200k)
- New woodland planting in West Dunbartonshire (PDF. 212k)
- Short rotation forestry trials at East Grange, Fife (PDF, 330k)
- Using local timber in construction in Scotland (PDF, 123k)
- New woodland planting in Pontbren (PDF, 176k)
- Woodfuel heating systems in Wales (PDF, 174k)
- Using local timber in construction in Wales (PDF,177k)