In many parts of the world, achieving a transition from deforestation to forest conservation and management will be a challenge.
Forests will have to be managed using sustainable forestry practices.
If forest programmes are to be successful, they will need to be part of wider, integrated land use and natural resource management programmes.
Protecting, conserving and managing forests sustainably comes at a cost. It also requires the commitment of resources.
On the other hand, the Stern Review suggests that it can be cost-effective.