|Description||This paper presents an analysis of the paradigms that have been followed in assessing perceived landscape values, and identifies the theoretical or conceptual bases which underlie these approaches.|
|Methodology||Critical review: 'Four paradigms are identified from a review of over 160 articles during the period 1965-80. Publications in each paradigm (expert, psychophysical, cognitive and experiential) are reviewed with reference to contributions to pragmatic landscape planning and management issues and to the evolution of a general theory of landscape perception.'|
Zube proposes a theoretical framework to guide future research to look at how human-landscape-outcome actions interrelate.
Zube concludes that our justification for worrying about landscape perception and making landscape beautiful is that landscape is important for human quality of life and is as significant as economic and social factors in influencing the human condition.
From 1965-80 the psychophysical paradigm showed the greatest increase in use, while the expert approach continued to be popular. This reflects the emphasis on problem solving research particularly focused on forests and forest recreation. Landscape journals, for example have primarily focused on expert and psychological paradigms. There has been less work on experiential and psychological approaches: fields of research in which both applied and theoretical issues are addressed.
Ephemeral conditions and change (e.g. weather-induced) are largely ignored.
Zube (p. 20) quotes Appleton (1975b) who suggests that, because there is no underlying theoretical structure for landscape perception, there is a lack of a rational basis for "diagnosis, prescription and prognosis". Zube finds that it is not clear, from his survey of research, that researchers are even measuring the same aesthetic.
|Published||Landscape Planning, 9:1-33|
|Authors||Zube, E.H., Sell, J.l. and Taylor, J.G.|
|Publisher||Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co.|
|Price||subscription c. £146 p.a. (4)|
|Keywords||landscape perception, (research) (theory), landscape beauty, aesthetics.|
|Comments||Comprehensive and detailed review providing the most successful attempt to date to draw together and categorise a diverse range of rearch. Current research is still making use of the theories developed during this review period and the article provides a useful context for this work. Zube attempts to provides an objective overview of the debate on visual perception and the nature of aesthetic appreciation.|
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