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Reversing Woodland Bird Decline

BIRD SPECIES

KEY AREAS IN THE SOUTH WEST (links to RSPB targeting map)

 

POTENTIAL ISSUES DRIVING DECLINE

POTENTIAL SOLUTIONS

THE FOLLOWING OPERATIONS MAY BE FUNDED BY OUR WIG 80 GRANT IN ANCIENT WOODLANDS

View WIG for biodiversity in the South West

Garden warbler

Not listed on map

Maturation of young successional woodland; decline in coppice extent

Restore neglected coppice; ride enhancement; develop scrubby woodland edge; conserve soil moisture; new woodland creation

Fencing; deer/grazing management; coppicing; ride management; scrub establishment in buffer zone; drainage management to achieve wetter ground.

Hawfinch

Link to RSPB map

Woodland isolation; degradation in parkland habitats; decline in mature woodland quality

Restructure under-managed mature woodland; restore old parklands; establish grazing management; maintain / enhance in-wood wet features; new woodland planting

Fencing; deer/grazing management; thinning.

Lesser Redpoll

Link to RSPB map

Succession of preferred scrub and young woodland habitats into more mature woodland.

Restructure immature closed canopy woodland to provide immature elements; ride enhancement & glade creation/improvement with scrub edges; create new scrub woodland; favour birch.

Coppicing; ride management; thinning; scrub establishment in buffer zone.

Lesser Spotted Woodpecker

Link to RSPB map

Tree crowding leading to a lack of open crowned mature trees; lack of standing and in-tree deadwood;

Restructure closed canopy woodland for crown development: Thin mature under-managed woodland; ride enhancement; increase deadwood; conserve soil moisture.

Thinning; ride management; standing deadwood creation; drainage management to achieve wetter ground, coppice

Marsh Tit

Link to RSPB map

Deer/sheep browsing leading to poor shrub layer; heavy shade.

Establish ability to control grazing; coppice neglected stands; thin crowded canopy to encourage shrub layer.

Fencing; deer/sheep management; thinning; coppicing; scrub establishment in buffer zone.

Pied Flycatcher

Link to RSPB map

Insufficient grazing to maintain open shrub layer; potentially excessive grazing preventing regeneration; overcrowded stands lacking in growth and canopy development; lack of nest holes may be an issue.

Establish ability to manage grazing; selective thinning to encourage tree growth; retain deadwood; extend woodland in appropriate locations; provide nest boxes only where needed (based on objective assessment)

Fencing; thinning; standing deadwood creation; tree establishment to extend woodland.

Redstart

Link to RSPB map

Loss of older trees especially on glade/woodland edge; lack of grazing to maintain open ground structure; shortage of natural nest holes.

Establish ability to control grazing; selective thinning to encourage tree growth; glade creation/ enhancement; retain deadwood; extend woodland in appropriate locations.

Fencing; thinning; glade creation; standing deadwood creation; tree establishment to extend woodland.

Spotted Flycatcher

Link to RSPB map

Decrease in in-stand structural diversity; decrease in glades and open rides; lack of grazing; lack of natural nest sites.

Restructure immature closed canopy woodland; thinning that encourages structural diversity; ride enhancement; glade creation/improvement; retain deadwood.

Coppicing; thinning; creation of standing deadwood; ride management.

Tree Pipit

Link to RSPB map

Loss of open-structure woodland through ageing and canopy closure; loss of individual trees in clear fell areas; excessive deer/sheep browsing removing nest cover.

Restructure immature closed canopy woodland; coppice; ride enhancement; glade creation/improvement with scatter of retained trees; establish ability to control grazing; create open scrubby woodland edge.

Fencing; deer/sheep management; coppicing; ride management; thinning; scrub establishment in buffer zone.

Willow Tit

Link to RSPB map

Loss of soil moisture; maturing young woodland; increased shade/canopy closure; loss of shrub layer; loss of scrub; lack of nest sites (can be addressed during operations).

Restructure maturing closed canopy woodland; retain deadwood; establish ability to control grazing. Soil moisture conservation; new woodland and scrub creation; specialised nest boxes.

Fencing; deer/sheep management; coppicing; thinning; scrub establishment in buffer zone; nest-site provision including standing deadwood creation; drainage management to achieve wetter ground; nest boxes.

Wood Warbler

Link to RSPB map

Insufficient grazing to maintain open shrub layer; may be instances where excessive grazing is causing loss of nesting habitat and preventing regeneration; maturation of stands without replacement.

Establish ability to control grazing; retain deadwood; small group felling or coppicing to regenerate stands; extend woodland in appropriate locations.

Fencing; group felling; tree establishment to extend woodland.

Woodcock

Link to RSPB map

Deer/sheep browsing leading to loss of shrub layer; drying out of wet woodland; recreational disturbance.

Restructure immature closed canopy woodland; ride enhancement; glade creation/improvement; establish ability to manage grazing; maintain/enhance naturally high water levels; buffer woodland edge; new woodland creation.

Fencing; grazing management; ride management; scrub establishment in surrounding buffer; drainage management to achieve wetter ground conditions.

Willow warbler

Not listed on map

Decline in young successional woodland; decline in coppice.

Restore neglected coppice; ride management; develop scrubby woodland edge; conserve soil moisture; new woodland creation

Deer/ sheep management; coppicing; ride management; scrub establishment in surrounding buffer;